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Authoritative Parenting and Drug-Prevention Practices: Implications for Anti-Drug Ads for Parents
Unformatted Document Text:  Drug Prevention Practices 18 that those who were more likely to value open communication with their child were also more likely to balance limit setting, warmth and expression, and autonomy granting in the parent-child relationship. The authoritative parent style most accurately defined parents who conducted these parenting practices (Dornbusch et al., 1987), and authoritative parents were most likely to produce children that were psychologically and socially well-adjusted (Baumrind, 1971, 1991). As expected (H1), those who scored high on the authoritative parenting scale (high authoritative parents) reported stronger intentions than those scoring low on the scale (low authoritative parents) to discuss family rules, discuss strategies to help their children avoid drugs, and closely monitor their child’s daily activities. High authoritative parents in our sample may also be more likely than low authoritative parents to discuss those who have gotten into trouble with drugs with their children as well as personally know their child’s friends well. These results are generally consistent with the parenting literature and the characteristics of authoritative parenting (Baumrind, 1991). Unfortunately, our data do not permit us to judge the quality of the anti-drug communication between authoritative parents and their children. It is also clear that authoritative parenting augments the relationships between the variables in the theory of reasoned action. As predicted (H2), the authoritative parenting by attitude interaction was statistically significant in predicting behavioral intentions for parental monitoring (Figure 1) and for being aware of the child’s environment (Figure 2). When attitudes are more positive toward parental monitoring or for being aware of the child’s environment, they are much stronger predictors of behavioral intentions for high authoritative parents. Authoritative parenting does not appear to be a factor when attitudes are less positive for these two protective behaviors.

Authors: Stephenson, Michael., Atkinson, Joshua., Tschida, David. and Quick, Brian.
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Drug Prevention Practices 18

that those who were more likely to value open communication with their child were also more
likely to balance limit setting, warmth and expression, and autonomy granting in the parent-child
relationship. The authoritative parent style most accurately defined parents who conducted these
parenting practices (Dornbusch et al., 1987), and authoritative parents were most likely to
produce children that were psychologically and socially well-adjusted (Baumrind, 1971, 1991).
As expected (H1), those who scored high on the authoritative parenting scale (high
authoritative parents) reported stronger intentions than those scoring low on the scale (low
authoritative parents) to discuss family rules, discuss strategies to help their children avoid drugs,
and closely monitor their child’s daily activities. High authoritative parents in our sample may
also be more likely than low authoritative parents to discuss those who have gotten into trouble
with drugs with their children as well as personally know their child’s friends well. These results
are generally consistent with the parenting literature and the characteristics of authoritative
parenting (Baumrind, 1991). Unfortunately, our data do not permit us to judge the quality of the
anti-drug communication between authoritative parents and their children.
It is also clear that authoritative parenting augments the relationships between the
variables in the theory of reasoned action. As predicted (H2), the authoritative parenting by
attitude interaction was statistically significant in predicting behavioral intentions for parental
monitoring (Figure 1) and for being aware of the child’s environment (Figure 2). When attitudes
are more positive toward parental monitoring or for being aware of the child’s environment, they
are much stronger predictors of behavioral intentions for high authoritative parents. Authoritative
parenting does not appear to be a factor when attitudes are less positive for these two protective
behaviors.


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