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Authoritative Parenting and Drug-Prevention Practices: Implications for Anti-Drug Ads for Parents
Unformatted Document Text:  Drug Prevention Practices 2 Authoritative Parenting and Drug-Prevention Practices: Implications for Anti-Drug Ads for Parents Despite evidence that parent-adolescent communication generally inhibits and often thwarts risky behaviors such as illicit substance use (Brook, Whiteman, Finch, & Cohen, 2000; Newcomb & Earleywine, 1996), not all parents talk with their children about the consequences of experimenting with drugs (Miller, in press). Some parents are simply more inclined to speak with their children about the perils encountered during adolescence, including substance use, than others (Baumrind, 1991). However, the research assessing parenting style and parent-child communication about substance use is fairly limited. With the theory of reasoned action as an analytical framework (Ajzen & Fishbein, 1980), this study examined the effect of the authoritative parenting style (Steinberg, Lamborn, Dornbusch, & Darling, 1992) on three parenting activities often associated with the prevention of adolescent substance use: (a) monitoring adolescent behaviors, (b) talking with adolescents about drug use, and (c) being aware of the adolescent’s environment. As a moderating variable, authoritative parenting helped explain the willingness of some, and the reticence of others, to engage in drug prevention communication with their teenage children. The results provide information for developing the content of anti-drug messages for parents. Authoritative Parenting Style Initially studied by Baumrind (1968, 1971) and explored extensively by Steinberg (1989, 1991; see also Dornbusch et al., 1987), parenting style reflects how individuals balance limit- setting, acceptance, and autonomy granting in parent-child relationships. Authoritative parenting is “treated as a general style of child rearing that characterizes the parents’ behavior toward the

Authors: Stephenson, Michael., Atkinson, Joshua., Tschida, David. and Quick, Brian.
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Drug Prevention Practices 2
Authoritative Parenting and Drug-Prevention Practices:
Implications for Anti-Drug Ads for Parents
Despite evidence that parent-adolescent communication generally inhibits and often
thwarts risky behaviors such as illicit substance use (Brook, Whiteman, Finch, & Cohen, 2000;
Newcomb & Earleywine, 1996), not all parents talk with their children about the consequences of
experimenting with drugs (Miller, in press). Some parents are simply more inclined to speak
with their children about the perils encountered during adolescence, including substance use,
than others (Baumrind, 1991). However, the research assessing parenting style and parent-child
communication about substance use is fairly limited. With the theory of reasoned action as an
analytical framework (Ajzen & Fishbein, 1980), this study examined the effect of the
authoritative parenting style (Steinberg, Lamborn, Dornbusch, & Darling, 1992) on three
parenting activities often associated with the prevention of adolescent substance use: (a)
monitoring adolescent behaviors, (b) talking with adolescents about drug use, and (c) being
aware of the adolescent’s environment. As a moderating variable, authoritative parenting helped
explain the willingness of some, and the reticence of others, to engage in drug prevention
communication with their teenage children. The results provide information for developing the
content of anti-drug messages for parents.
Authoritative Parenting Style
Initially studied by Baumrind (1968, 1971) and explored extensively by Steinberg (1989,
1991; see also Dornbusch et al., 1987), parenting style reflects how individuals balance limit-
setting, acceptance, and autonomy granting in parent-child relationships. Authoritative parenting
is “treated as a general style of child rearing that characterizes the parents’ behavior toward the


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