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Developmental Differences in Younger and Older Adolescents’ Understanding of Heroism
Unformatted Document Text:  15 than high school students, Îź 2 (1) = 2.876, p = .09. 74% of college students and 63% of high school students reported seeing the movie before. There were no gender differences in prior exposure to the movie. Comprehension of Content The first hypothesis was that college students would understand program content better than high school students, particularly material related to the shadow. A composite score of comprehension was calculated by summing responses to shadow comprehension questions. Because there were differences in prior exposure to the program, a 2 (grade) by 2 (gender) between subjects analysis of covariance was computed with comprehension scores as the dependent variable and prior exposure to the program as the covariate. The 2-factor ANCOVA computed on comprehension scores yielded a main effect of grade, F(1, 182) = 35.476, p < .001, and the covariate of prior exposure was also marginally significant, F(1, 182) = 3.322, p = .07. As expected, college students understood program content better than high school students (M = 19.814 vs. 16.964, respectively). Previous viewing was also associated with better comprehension of program content. There were no gender differences in comprehension. Perception of Character Shadows Descriptive statistics were used to describe the participants’ perceptions of character shadows. Most participants, regardless of age or gender, perceived both Batman and Robin as having a shadow. Specifically, 87% of high school students and 92% of college students thought that Batman had a shadow; 89% of high school students and 85% of college students thought that Robin had a shadow.

Authors: Zehnder, Sean. and Calvert, Sandra.
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background image
15
than high school students,
Îź
2
(1)
= 2.876, p = .09. 74% of college students and 63% of
high school students reported seeing the movie before. There were no gender differences
in prior exposure to the movie.
Comprehension of Content
The first hypothesis was that college students would understand program content
better than high school students, particularly material related to the shadow. A composite
score of comprehension was calculated by summing responses to shadow comprehension
questions. Because there were differences in prior exposure to the program, a 2 (grade)
by 2 (gender) between subjects analysis of covariance was computed with comprehension
scores as the dependent variable and prior exposure to the program as the covariate.
The 2-factor ANCOVA computed on comprehension scores yielded a main effect
of grade, F(1, 182) = 35.476, p < .001, and the covariate of prior exposure was also
marginally significant, F(1, 182) = 3.322, p = .07. As expected, college students
understood program content better than high school students (M = 19.814 vs. 16.964,
respectively). Previous viewing was also associated with better comprehension of
program content. There were no gender differences in comprehension.
Perception of Character Shadows
Descriptive statistics were used to describe the participants’ perceptions of
character shadows. Most participants, regardless of age or gender, perceived both
Batman and Robin as having a shadow. Specifically, 87% of high school students and
92% of college students thought that Batman had a shadow; 89% of high school students
and 85% of college students thought that Robin had a shadow.


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