All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.
Document

Developmental Differences in Younger and Older Adolescents’ Understanding of Heroism
Unformatted Document Text:  24 findings that have previously been documented for compassion and identification with a female hero (see Calvert et al., 1999). These findings suggest that for superheroes, positive moral qualities are far more important for role model status than are negative, aggressive ones. On the other hand, those who saw the villain Two Face as a potential role model were younger and also did not understand the program content well. Similar findings have been found with younger children who viewed simple cartoon plots. More specifically, second and fourth graders were more likely to be helpful than hurtful after viewing a mixed aggressive and prosocial cartoon message, but kindergartners were more likely to be hurtful (Liss, Reinhardt & Fredriksen, 1983). Moreover, violent content coexists with heroic themes in the Batman movie as well as in Xena Warrior Princess (Calvert et al., 1999). Taken together, the findings suggest that comprehension mediates perceptions of violent characters, and that younger viewers who are less likely to get complex moral messages are most at risk for detrimental effects after exposure to media violence as they are less competent at disentangling aggressive action from the prosocial resolution. Gender was another quality that viewers affected viewers’ identification with heroes. In particular, women were more likely to perceive Chase Meridien as a role model, and men were more likely to perceive Batman as a role model. These findings are well documented in the literature about gender stereotyping (e.g., Ruble & Martin, 1998). Interestingly, though, college students perceived Alfred as a mother figure, indicating that the roles played may well be more important than the biological sex of characters in making decisions about them.

Authors: Zehnder, Sean. and Calvert, Sandra.
first   previous   Page 24 of 28   next   last



background image
24
findings that have previously been documented for compassion and identification
with a female hero (see Calvert et al., 1999). These findings suggest that for
superheroes, positive moral qualities are far more important for role model status
than are negative, aggressive ones.
On the other hand, those who saw the villain Two Face as a potential role
model were younger and also did not understand the program content well. Similar
findings have been found with younger children who viewed simple cartoon plots.
More specifically, second and fourth graders were more likely to be helpful than
hurtful after viewing a mixed aggressive and prosocial cartoon message, but
kindergartners were more likely to be hurtful (Liss, Reinhardt & Fredriksen, 1983).
Moreover, violent content coexists with heroic themes in the Batman movie as well
as in Xena Warrior Princess (Calvert et al., 1999). Taken together, the findings
suggest that comprehension mediates perceptions of violent characters, and that
younger viewers who are less likely to get complex moral messages are most at risk
for detrimental effects after exposure to media violence as they are less competent at
disentangling aggressive action from the prosocial resolution.
Gender was another quality that viewers affected viewers’ identification with
heroes. In particular, women were more likely to perceive Chase Meridien as a role
model, and men were more likely to perceive Batman as a role model. These
findings are well documented in the literature about gender stereotyping (e.g., Ruble
& Martin, 1998). Interestingly, though, college students perceived Alfred as a
mother figure, indicating that the roles played may well be more important than the
biological sex of characters in making decisions about them.


Convention
Need a solution for abstract management? All Academic can help! Contact us today to find out how our system can help your annual meeting.
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 24 of 28   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.