All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.
Document

Developmental Differences in Younger and Older Adolescents’ Understanding of Heroism
Unformatted Document Text:  8 qualities, may still be difficult for youths to understand (Piaget, 1932; Kohlberg, 1968). Thus, we anticipated age differences in understanding concepts about the shadow, revenge, and heroism. While no studies relate age to understanding of archetypes, we expected older participants to be more likely to recognize and understand the archetypes as they have had more exposure to these images throughout their lives. Archetypes, after all, are the “elementary ideas” (Campbell, 1988) that a person learns and continually re-experiences over the course of a lifetime. The Present Study The purpose of this study was to compare younger and older adolescents’ understanding of a filmed narrative, Batman Forever, which develops heroic themes in the context of internal struggles of vengeance. The main hypotheses were that older participants would understand the complex elements of the plot more so than younger participants, and therefore, would be less vulnerable to the adverse effects of violence exposure. We also predicted that participants would identity most with same-gendered role models. Method Participants Participants were one hundred and seven high school students (mean age 15.6 yrs) and 68 college students (mean age 20.5 yrs) who lived in a small city and a metropolitan area. There were 102 females and 81 males.

Authors: Zehnder, Sean. and Calvert, Sandra.
first   previous   Page 8 of 28   next   last



background image
8
qualities, may still be difficult for youths to understand (Piaget, 1932; Kohlberg, 1968).
Thus, we anticipated age differences in understanding concepts about the shadow,
revenge, and heroism.
While no studies relate age to understanding of archetypes, we expected older
participants to be more likely to recognize and understand the archetypes as they have
had more exposure to these images throughout their lives. Archetypes, after all, are the
“elementary ideas” (Campbell, 1988) that a person learns and continually re-experiences
over the course of a lifetime.
The Present Study
The purpose of this study was to compare younger and older adolescents’
understanding of a filmed narrative, Batman Forever, which develops heroic themes in
the context of internal struggles of vengeance. The main hypotheses were that older
participants would understand the complex elements of the plot more so than younger
participants, and therefore, would be less vulnerable to the adverse effects of violence
exposure. We also predicted that participants would identity most with same-gendered
role models.
Method
Participants
Participants were one hundred and seven high school students (mean age 15.6 yrs)
and 68 college students (mean age 20.5 yrs) who lived in a small city and a metropolitan
area. There were 102 females and 81 males.


Convention
All Academic Convention is the premier solution for your association's abstract management solutions needs.
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 8 of 28   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.