All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.
Document

A Meta-Analytical Review of the Relationship between Teacher Immediacy and Student Learning
Unformatted Document Text:  Immediacy and Learning Meta-Analysis 37 Table 1 Descriptors and Effects for Included Studies (k = 81, N = 24,474) 1 Author(s) Year N Nonverbal Immediacy __________ Verbal Immediacy __________ Only Combined Immediacy __________ Typesof Learning Measured 2 r r’ r r’ r r’ Adkins 1998 169 -.040 -.050 -.040 -.050 . . CL .150 .181 .340 .404 . . AL Allen & Shaw 1990 100 .369 .399 . . . . PL .482 .516 . . . . AL Andersen 1979 238 .000 .000 . . . . CL .415 .452 . . . . AL Baker 2001 145 . . .540 .676 . . PL . . .730 .871 . . AL Booth-Butterfield et al. 1992 123 . . . . .600 .635 AL Burks 1998 482 .420 .499 . . . . AL Burroughs 1990 564 .390 .566 . . . . PL .490 .557 . . . . AL Butland & Beebe 1992 606 .370 .520 .405 .539 . . PL .450 .501 .530 .558 . . AL Chesebro & McCroskey 2001 360 .470 .654 . . . . PL .570 .637 . . . . AL Christensen & Menzel 1998 115 .330 .499 .470 .654 . . PL .380 .471 .400 .457 . . AL Christophel Study 1 1990 562 .450 .638 .380 .523 . . PL .510 .568 .500 .541 . . AL Christophel Study 2 1990 624 .505 .729 .375 .513 . . PL .520 .587 .420 .450 . . AL Comstock et al. 1995 259 .200 .222 . . . . CL .130 .138 . . . . AL Farren 1992 890 . . . . .215 .298 PL . . . . .320 .356 AL Folwell 1995 392 .100 .143 . . . . PL .390 .452 . . . . AL Frymier 1994 178 .220 .314 .340 .471 . . PL .310 .348 .420 .457 . . AL Frymier & Houser 1998 190 .260 .315 . . . . CL .460 .558 . . . . AL Frymier & Houser Study 2 2000 257 .320 .376 .450 .529 . . PL .580 .642 .600 .664 . . AL Frymier & Schulman 1994 470 .280 .352 .430 .525 . . PL Garard 1998 96 . . . . .300 .433 PL . . . . .380 .438 AL Gorham 1988 387 .475 .669 .410 .546 . . PL .590 .650 .510 .531 . . AL Gorham et al. 1997 317 .390 .559 . . . . PL .000 .000 . . . . AL Gorham et al. 1999 141 .250 .348 . . . . PL Gorham & Christophel 1990 206 .440 .631 .425 .566 . . PL .540 .626 .500 .538 . . AL

Authors: Witt, Paul., Wheeless, Lawrence. and Allen, Mike.
first   previous   Page 37 of 41   next   last



background image
Immediacy and Learning Meta-Analysis 37
Table 1
Descriptors and Effects for Included Studies (k = 81, N = 24,474)
1
Author(s)
Year
N
Nonverbal
Immediacy
__________
Verbal
Immediacy
__________
Only
Combined
Immediacy
__________
Typesof
Learning
Measured
2
r
r’
r r’
r
r’
Adkins
1998
169 -.040 -.050 -.040 -.050 .
.
CL
.150 .181 .340 .404 .
.
AL
Allen & Shaw
1990
100 .369
.399
.
.
.
.
PL
.482 .516 .
.
.
.
AL
Andersen
1979
238 .000
.000
.
.
.
.
CL
.415 .452 .
.
.
.
AL
Baker
2001
145 .
.
.540
.676
.
.
PL
.
.
.730 .871 .
.
AL
Booth-Butterfield et al.
1992
123 .
.
.
.
.600
.635
AL
Burks
1998
482 .420
.499
.
.
.
.
AL
Burroughs
1990
564 .390
.566
.
.
.
.
PL
.490 .557 .
.
.
.
AL
Butland & Beebe
1992
606 .370
.520
.405
.539
.
.
PL
.450 .501 .530 .558 .
.
AL
Chesebro & McCroskey
2001
360 .470
.654
.
.
.
.
PL
.570 .637 .
.
.
.
AL
Christensen & Menzel
1998
115 .330
.499
.470
.654
.
.
PL
.380 .471 .400 .457 .
.
AL
Christophel Study 1
1990
562 .450
.638
.380
.523
.
.
PL
.510 .568 .500 .541 .
.
AL
Christophel Study 2
1990
624 .505
.729
.375
.513
.
.
PL
.520 .587 .420 .450 .
.
AL
Comstock et al.
1995
259 .200
.222
.
.
.
.
CL
.130 .138 .
.
.
.
AL
Farren
1992
890 .
.
.
.
.215
.298
PL
.
.
.
.
.320 .356
AL
Folwell
1995
392 .100
.143
.
.
.
.
PL
.390 .452 .
.
.
.
AL
Frymier
1994
178 .220
.314
.340
.471
.
.
PL
.310 .348 .420 .457 .
.
AL
Frymier & Houser
1998
190 .260
.315
.
.
.
.
CL
.460 .558 .
.
.
.
AL
Frymier & Houser Study 2
2000
257 .320
.376
.450
.529
.
.
PL
.580 .642 .600 .664 .
.
AL
Frymier & Schulman
1994
470 .280
.352
.430
.525
.
.
PL
Garard
1998
96 .
.
.
.
.300
.433
PL
.
.
.
.
.380 .438
AL
Gorham
1988
387 .475
.669
.410
.546
.
.
PL
.590 .650 .510 .531 .
.
AL
Gorham et al.
1997
317 .390
.559
.
.
.
.
PL
.000 .000 .
.
.
.
AL
Gorham et al.
1999
141 .250
.348
.
.
.
.
PL
Gorham & Christophel
1990
206 .440
.631
.425
.566
.
.
PL
.540 .626 .500 .538 .
.
AL


Convention
All Academic Convention is the premier solution for your association's abstract management solutions needs.
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 37 of 41   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.