All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.
Document

Effects of Helper and Recipient Sex on the Experience and Outcomes of Comforting Messages: An Experimental Investigation
Unformatted Document Text:  Effects of Helper and Recipient Sex 20 significance. In particular, effects for interactions that involved recipient and helper sex were quite small; Fs for these effects were frequently less than 1.0. Univariate analyses using a 2 x 2 x 3 x 3 design detected significant main effects for VPC on both affective improvement, F (2, 180) = 3.21, p < .05, 2 = .03, and perceived comforting quality, F (2, 180) = 19.08, p < .001, 2 = .18. As the means in Figures 1 and 2 indicate, there were clear linear effects for VPC on both affective improvement and perceived comforting quality. To control for any redundancy between these two dependent variables, a Roy-Bargmann stepdown test was conducted. In this analysis, affective improvement served as the covariate because it was the variable of primary interest in this study; perceived comforting quality was thus designated as the dependent variable. This analysis detected a significant main effect for VPC, F (2, 179) = 15.47, p < .001, 2 = .15, which indicates that this factor significantly influenced perceived comforting quality even when we controlled for self-reported affective improvement. The adjusted marginal means for high moderate, and low VPC (Ms = 4.71, 5.29, and 5.59, respectively) indicate that perceived comforting quality still increased linearly as a function of VPC even when we controlled for affective improvement. Univariate analyses detected a significant main effect for NVI only on perceived comforting quality of the helper’s behavior, F (2, 180) = 5.94, p < .003, 2 = .06. As the means displayed in Figure 3 indicate, the comforting quality of the helper’s behavior was perceived to increase directly as a function of increasing NVI. Univariate analyses were conducted to explore the marginally significant multivariate main effect for recipient sex, and they detected a significant main effect only for affective improvement, F (1, 180) = 5.01, p < .03, 2 = .03. Men (M = 3.98) reported significantly more improved affect states than did women (M = 3.66).

Authors: Jones, Susanne. and Burleson, Brant.
first   previous   Page 20 of 51   next   last



background image
Effects of Helper and Recipient Sex 20
significance. In particular, effects for interactions that involved recipient and helper sex were
quite small; Fs for these effects were frequently less than 1.0.
Univariate analyses using a 2 x 2 x 3 x 3 design detected significant main effects for VPC
on both affective improvement, F (2, 180) = 3.21, p < .05,
2
= .03, and perceived comforting
quality, F (2, 180) = 19.08, p < .001,
2
= .18. As the means in Figures 1 and 2 indicate, there
were clear linear effects for VPC on both affective improvement and perceived comforting
quality. To control for any redundancy between these two dependent variables, a Roy-Bargmann
stepdown test was conducted. In this analysis, affective improvement served as the covariate
because it was the variable of primary interest in this study; perceived comforting quality was
thus designated as the dependent variable. This analysis detected a significant main effect for
VPC, F (2, 179) = 15.47, p < .001,
2
= .15, which indicates that this factor significantly
influenced perceived comforting quality even when we controlled for self-reported affective
improvement. The adjusted marginal means for high moderate, and low VPC (Ms = 4.71, 5.29,
and 5.59, respectively) indicate that perceived comforting quality still increased linearly as a
function of VPC even when we controlled for affective improvement.
Univariate analyses detected a significant main effect for NVI only on perceived
comforting quality of the helper’s behavior, F (2, 180) = 5.94, p < .003,
2
= .06. As the means
displayed in Figure 3 indicate, the comforting quality of the helper’s behavior was perceived to
increase directly as a function of increasing NVI.
Univariate analyses were conducted to explore the marginally significant multivariate
main effect for recipient sex, and they detected a significant main effect only for affective
improvement, F (1, 180) = 5.01, p < .03,
2
= .03. Men (M = 3.98) reported significantly more
improved affect states than did women (M = 3.66).


Convention
Convention is an application service for managing large or small academic conferences, annual meetings, and other types of events!
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 20 of 51   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.