All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.
Document

Caribbean Negritos: Ramón Rivero, Blackface, and ‘Black’ Voice in Puerto Rico
Unformatted Document Text:  12 of the Nationalist Party), during the early days of La Farándula Bohemia, it seems that the repressive political environment transformed Rivero’s and Torregrosa’s inclusion of pro- independence themes. 19 A second reason for the transformation can be traced to the political censorship which emerged from the U.S. involvement in World War II and later the Korean War. All of Rivero’s La vida en broma (1943) scripts were screened by Sterling Products International, the show’s sponsor. Although Rivero’s radio scripts for El tremendo hotel (1948, sponsored by Sello Rojo), his television shows La taberna India (1954, sponsored by India Corporation), and La farándula Corona (1956, sponsored by Corona Corporation), did not have any stamp or possible indication of censorship, Rivero might have had ‘common sense’ knowledge that it was not politically and financially savvy to include direct references to pro-independence in his radio and television scripts. According to Rivero’s widow, although Rivero was a nacionalista, he did not mix politics with his artistic work. 20 Still, political and social commentaries were directly and indirectly present in Rivero’s radio show El tremendo hotel. Embodying ‘Blackness:’ Satire and Stereotypes in El tremendo hotel El tremendo hotel was a fifteen-minute comedy which aired from Monday to Friday on WKAQ radio (1948-1956). From 12:45 p.m. to 1:00 p.m. the negrito Calderón, Doña Polita (the hotel owner, a Puerto Rican woman), Don Nepo (guest, a Spanish business man), Tranquilino (Doña Polita’s husband, an old retired Puerto Rican man), and other sporadic visitors performed their daily routine in a third class hotel located in a run-down San Juan barrio. 21 Usually following an accumulative narrative structure, the episodes presented Calderón as a young trouble making ‘black’ man who was always trying to mislead the owner and guests of the hotel. None of the characters of El tremendo hotel were financially affluent; in reality, they were

Authors: Rivero, Yeidy.
first   previous   Page 12 of 25   next   last



background image
12
of the Nationalist Party), during the early days of La Farándula Bohemia, it seems that the
repressive political environment transformed Rivero’s and Torregrosa’s inclusion of pro-
independence themes.
19
A second reason for the transformation can be traced to the political censorship which
emerged from the U.S. involvement in World War II and later the Korean War. All of Rivero’s
La vida en broma (1943) scripts were screened by Sterling Products International, the show’s
sponsor. Although Rivero’s radio scripts for El tremendo hotel (1948, sponsored by Sello Rojo),
his television shows La taberna India (1954, sponsored by India Corporation), and La farándula
Corona (1956, sponsored by Corona Corporation), did not have any stamp or possible indication
of censorship, Rivero might have had ‘common sense’ knowledge that it was not politically and
financially savvy to include direct references to pro-independence in his radio and television
scripts. According to Rivero’s widow, although Rivero was a nacionalista, he did not mix
politics with his artistic work.
20
Still, political and social commentaries were directly and
indirectly present in Rivero’s radio show El tremendo hotel.
Embodying ‘Blackness:’ Satire and Stereotypes in El tremendo hotel
El tremendo hotel was a fifteen-minute comedy which aired from Monday to Friday on
WKAQ radio (1948-1956). From 12:45 p.m. to 1:00 p.m. the negrito Calderón, Doña Polita (the
hotel owner, a Puerto Rican woman), Don Nepo (guest, a Spanish business man), Tranquilino
(Doña Polita’s husband, an old retired Puerto Rican man), and other sporadic visitors performed
their daily routine in a third class hotel located in a run-down San Juan barrio.
21
Usually
following an accumulative narrative structure, the episodes presented Calderón as a young
trouble making ‘black’ man who was always trying to mislead the owner and guests of the hotel.
None of the characters of El tremendo hotel were financially affluent; in reality, they were


Convention
Convention is an application service for managing large or small academic conferences, annual meetings, and other types of events!
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 12 of 25   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.