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Deficiencies vs. Differences: Predicting Older Women's Knowledge Levels on Breast Cancer
Unformatted Document Text:  13 potentially able to treat breast cancer) and general knowledge (basic facts of breast cancer, its incidence rate in the U. S, and the major institutions and campaigns fighting against it). One article may fall into more than one category depending on the multiplicity of its content. Those articles fit nowhere were then excluded from further analysis and not reported. These included news summary and corrections. Articles on purely personal and celebrity stories of breast cancer were also excluded because they did not contain any relevant knowledge information related to this study, as were news articles on breast implants unless they were associated with other breast cancer-related information. The intercoder reliability was .91. The secondary analysis part was done with data from the 1992 NHIS 2 , an annual survey conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The core questionnaire of the survey provided accounts on the amount and distribution of illness, disability and chronic impairments and the kinds of health services people utilize. In each household, a sample adult was randomly selected to complete the module. Each year, there was also a topic module attached to the core module. In 1992, the thematic topic was cancer control, containing specific questions about knowledge on breast cancer risks and screening behaviors. 12,035 respondents were approached with this survey during the first 28 weeks of that year with a response rate of 86 percent. For the purpose of this study, the population was restricted to women who aged 50 or older, had no history of breast cancer and at least able to speak or read some English (N= 2473). 2 For a detailed description of the 1992 National Health Interview Survey, refer to the ICPSR website. www.icpsr.umich.edu

Authors: Gao, Kun.
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potentially able to treat breast cancer) and general knowledge (basic facts of breast
cancer, its incidence rate in the U. S, and the major institutions and campaigns fighting
against it). One article may fall into more than one category depending on the multiplicity
of its content. Those articles fit nowhere were then excluded from further analysis and
not reported. These included news summary and corrections. Articles on purely personal
and celebrity stories of breast cancer were also excluded because they did not contain any
relevant knowledge information related to this study, as were news articles on breast
implants unless they were associated with other breast cancer-related information. The
intercoder reliability was .91.
The secondary analysis part was done with data from the 1992 NHIS
2
, an annual survey
conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics of the Centers for Disease Control
and Prevention. The core questionnaire of the survey provided accounts on the amount
and distribution of illness, disability and chronic impairments and the kinds of health
services people utilize. In each household, a sample adult was randomly selected to
complete the module. Each year, there was also a topic module attached to the core
module. In 1992, the thematic topic was cancer control, containing specific questions
about knowledge on breast cancer risks and screening behaviors. 12,035 respondents
were approached with this survey during the first 28 weeks of that year with a response
rate of 86 percent. For the purpose of this study, the population was restricted to women
who aged 50 or older, had no history of breast cancer and at least able to speak or read
some English (N= 2473).
2
For a detailed description of the 1992 National Health Interview Survey, refer to the ICPSR website.
www.icpsr.umich.edu


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