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Deficiencies vs. Differences: Predicting Older Women's Knowledge Levels on Breast Cancer
Unformatted Document Text:  16 status were included in all models as the covariants. Statistics on part and partial correlations were also collected. Results Guided search and manual coding within the New York Times yielded 48 articles for 1989, 52 articles for 1990 and 62 articles for 1991. For ABC, coverage on breast cancer went up from none in 1989 to 12 in 1991 (See Table 1 for details). This confirmed the previous findings (Corbett & Mori, 1999) that in 1991, the trend of media coverage was on an upswing from previous years. In all categories, news on breast cancer risk and prevention was the biggest chunk for all years under study. And over the years, news coverage on breast cancer became more balanced and comprehensive, as could be seen from the dramatic increase in reports that fell into all three other categories. This substantiated the assumption that during the time preceding the 1992 survey, mass media was infusing more breast cancer information into the social system. Analysis with the 1992 NHIS survey data showed that the mean breast cancer knowledge score of the older women on a 0-to-10 scale was 4.7533, and more than half (56.9%) of them stayed either at or under the median score of 5.0000. About 5 percent of the women gave wrong answers to all questions asked and only five older women (0.2%) achieved the full score. Table 2 offered a detailed description of knowledge levels of the older women under study. In terms of education, the great majority of older women were without college education (74.6%). These included about one fifth of women who had less than high school

Authors: Gao, Kun.
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status were included in all models as the covariants. Statistics on part and partial
correlations were also collected.
Results
Guided search and manual coding within the New York Times yielded 48 articles for
1989, 52 articles for 1990 and 62 articles for 1991. For ABC, coverage on breast cancer
went up from none in 1989 to 12 in 1991 (See Table 1 for details). This confirmed the
previous findings (Corbett & Mori, 1999) that in 1991, the trend of media coverage was
on an upswing from previous years. In all categories, news on breast cancer risk and
prevention was the biggest chunk for all years under study. And over the years, news
coverage on breast cancer became more balanced and comprehensive, as could be seen
from the dramatic increase in reports that fell into all three other categories. This
substantiated the assumption that during the time preceding the 1992 survey, mass media
was infusing more breast cancer information into the social system.
Analysis with the 1992 NHIS survey data showed that the mean breast cancer knowledge
score of the older women on a 0-to-10 scale was 4.7533, and more than half (56.9%) of
them stayed either at or under the median score of 5.0000. About 5 percent of the women
gave wrong answers to all questions asked and only five older women (0.2%) achieved
the full score. Table 2 offered a detailed description of knowledge levels of the older
women under study.
In terms of education, the great majority of older women were without college education
(74.6%). These included about one fifth of women who had less than high school


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