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Radio Sawa: The Creation of a New U.S. Government Arabic Service
Unformatted Document Text:  References Barranger, F. (2002, 17 June). U.S. messages to Arab youth, wrapped in song. New York Times. Available at: www.nytimes.com/2002/17/international/middleeast/17radi.html. Bergmeier, H. J. P., & Lotz, R. E. (1997). The inside story of Nazi radio broadcasting and propaganda swing. New Haven: Yale University Press. Boyd, D. (1999). Broadcasting in the Arab world: A survey of the electronic media in the Middle East. Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press. British Broadcasting Corporation. (1991, March). The BBC in Egypt: Group discussions in Cairo. London: International Broadcasting and Audience Research. Broadcasting Board of Governors. (2002, October 9). Research shows Radio Sawa surges in Middle East; Broadcasting Board of Governors discuss projects with television executives. BBG News Release. Beverly Hills, CA. Availavle at: www.bbg.gov/_news.cfm?articleID. Broadcasting Board of Governors. (2001a). Broadcasting Board of Governors 1999-2000 annual report. Washington, D.C. Broadcasting Board of Governors. (2001, January 19). Broadcasting Board of Governors announces results of 2000/2001 strategic language service review. BBG News Release. Washington, D.C. Broadcasting Board of Governors. (2001b). A new broadcasting opportunity. Washington, D.C. Byford, M. (2002, May 8). BBC: Shortwave needs differ by nation. Radio World, p. 10. El-Amir, A. (2002, 16-22 May). Filtering the propaganda. Al-Ahram Weekly Online. Available at: www.ahram.org.eg/weekly/2002/586/fe.htm. Ferguson, B. (2002, 9 August). Radio Sawa: Objective news or propaganda? Arab News, p. 4. Half of kingdom’s population under 15. (2002, August 9). Arab News, p. 2. Gedda, G. (2002, 24 April). VOA station seeks to spread U.S. message among Arabs. National Journal. Available at: www.nw.com./newsflash. Gubash, C. (2002, 25 July). U.S. woos Arabs with pop music. MSMBC. Available at: www.msmbc.com/news/784495.asp. Hall, E. (1976). Beyond culture. Garden City, NY: Doubleday. Huffington, A. (2002, 9 May). America’s latest air campaign: Broadcasting for peace in the Middle East. Ariana Online. Available at: www.arianaonline.com/columns/files/050902.html.

Authors: Boyd, Douglas.
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References
Barranger, F. (2002, 17 June). U.S. messages to Arab youth, wrapped in song. New York
Times. Available at: www.nytimes.com/2002/17/international/middleeast/17radi.html.
Bergmeier, H. J. P., & Lotz, R. E. (1997). The inside story of Nazi radio broadcasting and
propaganda swing. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Boyd, D. (1999). Broadcasting in the Arab world: A survey of the electronic media in the
Middle East. Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press.
British Broadcasting Corporation. (1991, March). The BBC in Egypt: Group discussions in
Cairo. London: International Broadcasting and Audience Research.
Broadcasting Board of Governors. (2002, October 9). Research shows Radio Sawa
surges in Middle East; Broadcasting Board of Governors discuss projects with television
executives. BBG News Release. Beverly Hills, CA. Availavle at:
www.bbg.gov/_news.cfm?articleID.
Broadcasting Board of Governors. (2001a). Broadcasting Board of Governors 1999-2000
annual report. Washington, D.C.
Broadcasting Board of Governors. (2001, January 19). Broadcasting Board of Governors
announces results of 2000/2001 strategic language service review. BBG News Release.
Washington, D.C.
Broadcasting Board of Governors. (2001b). A new broadcasting opportunity. Washington,
D.C.
Byford, M. (2002, May 8). BBC: Shortwave needs differ by nation. Radio World, p. 10.
El-Amir, A. (2002, 16-22 May). Filtering the propaganda. Al-Ahram Weekly Online.
Available at: www.ahram.org.eg/weekly/2002/586/fe.htm.
Ferguson, B. (2002, 9 August). Radio Sawa: Objective news or propaganda? Arab News,
p. 4.
Half of kingdom’s population under 15. (2002, August 9). Arab News, p. 2.
Gedda, G. (2002, 24 April). VOA station seeks to spread U.S. message among Arabs.
National Journal. Available at: www.nw.com./newsflash.
Gubash, C. (2002, 25 July). U.S. woos Arabs with pop music. MSMBC. Available at:
www.msmbc.com/news/784495.asp.
Hall, E. (1976). Beyond culture. Garden City, NY: Doubleday.
Huffington, A. (2002, 9 May). America’s latest air campaign: Broadcasting for peace in the
Middle East. Ariana Online. Available at: www.arianaonline.com/columns/files/050902.html.


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