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Businessmen, Partisans and Oligarchs: Political Control, News Production Philosophies And Partisan Bias In Mexican Television News
Unformatted Document Text:  22 with state broadcasting. Again, we find strong evidence that political pressures strongly influenced coverage on state-rune stations and, to a lesser extent, private provincial stations. Case studies To supplement these quantitative findings, we selected a smaller set of news stations for in-depth study. These included stations in states where coverage was relatively biased in favor of one party or another – Tlaxcala (pro-AM), Guanajuato (pro-AC), and Tabasco (pro-PRI). They also included one provincial station owned by a major network (Televisa del Bajío, located in Guanajuato) and one private provincial station where coverage was generally quite balanced (Baja California’s Channel 66). By comparing across these very different cases, we hoped to better specify how and when political control produces partisan bias in local television news, as well as explore alternative explanations for bias that could not be addressed with the IFE data. In other words, we sought to go beyond the broad trends uncovered by our statistical analysis and gain greater insight into the forces that mitigate or exacerbate partisan bias. Table 4 (below) presents the cases. The case selection allowed us to explore alternative explanations for bias, including a lack of competition for news and dependence on government advertising. The cases ranged from stations with high competition for local news (Baja California, three competitors) to no competition (Tlaxcala), from a large potential advertising market (Televisa del Bajío) to a very low potential advertising market (Tlaxcala), and from a high dependence on state advertising (Tabasco Channel 9) to very low dependence (Baja California, Televisa del Bajío). We explored these factors as alternative explanations of bias by assessing the level of competition for news, the ratio of private sector to state advertising, and market data from the stations’ broadcast areas.

Authors: Hughes, Sallie. and Lawson, Chappell.
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with state broadcasting. Again, we find strong evidence that political pressures strongly
influenced coverage on state-rune stations and, to a lesser extent, private provincial stations.
Case studies
To supplement these quantitative findings, we selected a smaller set of news stations for
in-depth study. These included stations in states where coverage was relatively biased in favor
of one party or another – Tlaxcala (pro-AM), Guanajuato (pro-AC), and Tabasco (pro-PRI).
They also included one provincial station owned by a major network (Televisa del Bajío, located
in Guanajuato) and one private provincial station where coverage was generally quite balanced
(Baja California’s Channel 66). By comparing across these very different cases, we hoped to
better specify how and when political control produces partisan bias in local television news, as
well as explore alternative explanations for bias that could not be addressed with the IFE data. In
other words, we sought to go beyond the broad trends uncovered by our statistical analysis and
gain greater insight into the forces that mitigate or exacerbate partisan bias. Table 4 (below)
presents the cases.
The case selection allowed us to explore alternative explanations for bias, including a
lack of competition for news and dependence on government advertising. The cases ranged from
stations with high competition for local news (Baja California, three competitors) to no
competition (Tlaxcala), from a large potential advertising market (Televisa del Bajío) to a very
low potential advertising market (Tlaxcala), and from a high dependence on state advertising
(Tabasco Channel 9) to very low dependence (Baja California, Televisa del Bajío). We explored
these factors as alternative explanations of bias by assessing the level of competition for news,
the ratio of private sector to state advertising, and market data from the stations’ broadcast areas.


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