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Businessmen, Partisans and Oligarchs: Political Control, News Production Philosophies And Partisan Bias In Mexican Television News
Unformatted Document Text:  25 Governors in all three states proposed the budgets for state television stations to the state legislature for approval. Approval was automatic in Tabasco, where the governor’s party (PRI) held an wide majority in Congress. In Guanajuato, the PRI minority successfully blocked additional funds for state television in 2001, punishing it for pro-PAN bias in previous years. A new PAN governor came into office in Guanajuato in late 2000 promising to eradicate bias at the station. However, a divided state government – state congress for the PRI, the governor’s office for the PRD – did not stop the governor of Tlaxcala from firing the station director when he believed journalists had not done enough to help his party. 22 Rather than budgetary control, the governor’s appointment of station directors was the mechanism for controlling news content. Guanajuato State Television The director of Guanajuato’s state television channel, Julio Di Bella Roldán, left Channel 4 soon after the beginning of the 2000 election campaign to seek the PAN candidacy for a mayoral post. Di Bella had been appointed by Guanajuato Gov. Vicente Fox before he left office in 1999 to seek the PAN candidacy for president. The new station director, Juan Aguilera Cid, was appointed Jan. 7, 2000 by an interim governor who also owed his appointment to support from Fox. 23 Station personnel explained that the focus of news programming at Channel 4 changed with each new executive director, either focusing on the governor and his cabinet specifically or political parties generally. “It is according to the director who is here and really according to the governor because the governor names the director,” said news director Alicia Arias Muñoz. “If 22 Patricio Lima Gutiérrez, interview, 25-26 March 2002, Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala; Romeo Peña Silva, interview, 26 March 2002, Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala. 23 Miguel Zacarías, "Es Juan Aguilera director de RTG," A.M., León, Guanajuato, 7 Jan. 2000.

Authors: Hughes, Sallie. and Lawson, Chappell.
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25
Governors in all three states proposed the budgets for state television stations to the state
legislature for approval. Approval was automatic in Tabasco, where the governor’s party (PRI)
held an wide majority in Congress. In Guanajuato, the PRI minority successfully blocked
additional funds for state television in 2001, punishing it for pro-PAN bias in previous years. A
new PAN governor came into office in Guanajuato in late 2000 promising to eradicate bias at the
station. However, a divided state government – state congress for the PRI, the governor’s office
for the PRD – did not stop the governor of Tlaxcala from firing the station director when he
believed journalists had not done enough to help his party.
22
Rather than budgetary control, the
governor’s appointment of station directors was the mechanism for controlling news content.
Guanajuato State Television
The director of Guanajuato’s state television channel, Julio Di Bella Roldán, left Channel
4 soon after the beginning of the 2000 election campaign to seek the PAN candidacy for a
mayoral post. Di Bella had been appointed by Guanajuato Gov. Vicente Fox before he left office
in 1999 to seek the PAN candidacy for president. The new station director, Juan Aguilera Cid,
was appointed Jan. 7, 2000 by an interim governor who also owed his appointment to support
from Fox.
23
Station personnel explained that the focus of news programming at Channel 4 changed
with each new executive director, either focusing on the governor and his cabinet specifically or
political parties generally. “It is according to the director who is here and really according to the
governor because the governor names the director,” said news director Alicia Arias Muñoz. “If
22
Patricio Lima Gutiérrez, interview, 25-26 March 2002, Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala; Romeo Peña Silva, interview, 26
March 2002, Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala.
23
Miguel Zacarías, "Es Juan Aguilera director de RTG," A.M., León, Guanajuato, 7 Jan. 2000.


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