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Gender and Politeness Rules in Japan and the United States
Unformatted Document Text:  Gender and Politeness Rules 16 Hill, B., Ide, S., Ikuta, S., Kawasaki, A., & Ogino, T. (1986). Universals of linguistic politeness: Quantitative evidence from Japanese and American English. Journal of Pragmatics, 10, 347-371. Ho, D. (1976). On the concept of face. American Journal of Sociology, 81, 867-884. Holmes, J. (1986). Functions of you know in women’s and men’s speech. Language in Society, 15, 1-22. Holmes, J. (1988). Paying compliments: A sex-preferential politeness strategy. Journal of Pragmatics, 12, 445-265. Holmes, J. (1989). Sex differences and apologies: One aspect of communicative competence. Applied Linguistics, 10, 194-213. Hu, H. C. (1944). The Chinese concept of “face.” American Anthropologist, 46, 45-64. Janney, R. W., & Arndt, H. (1992). Intracultural tact versus intercultural tact. In R. J. Watts, S. Ide, & K. Ehlich (Eds.), Politeness in language: Studies in its history, theory and practice (pp. 21-41). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Kendon, A., & Ferber, A. (1973). A description of some human greetings. In R. P. Michael & J. H. Crook (Eds.), Comparative ecology and behavior of primates (pp. 591-668). New York: Academic Press. Kim, M. S. (1994). Cross-cultural comparisons of the perceived importance of conversational constraints. Human Communication Research, 21, 128-151. Knapp, M. L., & Hall, J. A. (1992). Nonverbal communication in human interaction (2nd ed.). New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston. Lakoff, R. (1975). Language and women’s place. New York: Harper and Row. Maltz, D., & Borker, R. (1982). A cultural approach to male-female miscommunication. In J. Gumperz (Ed.), Language and social identity (pp. 196-216). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Authors: Ogawa, Naoto.
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Gender and Politeness Rules 16
Hill, B., Ide, S., Ikuta, S., Kawasaki, A., & Ogino, T. (1986). Universals of linguistic
politeness: Quantitative evidence from Japanese and American English. Journal of
Pragmatics, 10, 347-371.
Ho, D. (1976). On the concept of face. American Journal of Sociology, 81, 867-884.
Holmes, J. (1986). Functions of you know in women’s and men’s speech. Language in
Society,
15, 1-22.
Holmes, J. (1988). Paying compliments: A sex-preferential politeness strategy. Journal of
Pragmatics,
12, 445-265.
Holmes, J. (1989). Sex differences and apologies: One aspect of communicative competence.
Applied Linguistics, 10, 194-213.
Hu, H. C. (1944). The Chinese concept of “face.” American Anthropologist, 46, 45-64.
Janney, R. W., & Arndt, H. (1992). Intracultural tact versus intercultural tact. In R. J.
Watts, S. Ide, & K. Ehlich (Eds.), Politeness in language: Studies in its history, theory
and practice (pp. 21-41). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Kendon, A., & Ferber, A. (1973). A description of some human greetings. In R. P. Michael &
J. H. Crook (Eds.), Comparative ecology and behavior of primates (pp. 591-668).
New York: Academic Press.
Kim, M. S. (1994). Cross-cultural comparisons of the perceived importance of
conversational
constraints.
Human Communication Research, 21, 128-151.
Knapp, M. L., & Hall, J. A. (1992). Nonverbal communication in human interaction (2nd
ed.). New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.
Lakoff, R. (1975). Language and women’s place. New York: Harper and Row.
Maltz, D., & Borker, R. (1982). A cultural approach to male-female miscommunication. In J.
Gumperz (Ed.), Language and social identity (pp. 196-216). New York: Cambridge
University Press.


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