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From Midnight to Broad Daylight: The constructive capabilities of techno and
Unformatted Document Text:  From Midnight to Broad Daylight 9 drinking dens" (1999, p. 72). The summer pf 1988 became known as the "Summer of Love" (Sillcot, 1999, p. 31). The following year a new record was established on June 24 th , 1989, when the Sunrise promotion company attracted eleven thousand people to "Midsummer Night’s Dream", an event at an aircraft hanger (Reynolds, 1999, p. 75). However, along with the unprecedented attendance at rave parties came an unending flow of tabloid stories showcasing the proliferation of drug use that would eventually come to characterize any mainstream coverage of rave culture throughout the 1990s. Soon after a number of bills were passed in the UK that considered any gathering with music outside of a club next to impossible to carry out. Within a few short years, in 1991, the phenomenon established itself in the U.S. Heavily influenced by disco in cities such as New York and Chicago, EDM began to materialize in the 1980s. Techno often operates as an umbrella term for all subgenres of EDM, which is overwhelmingly produced by solo artists interspersed with duos and trios (Sick, 1999, p. 11); however, it also references a particular style of EDM. "House" music in particular was conceived in Chicago in 1986 and named after a key club – the Warehouse. Emerging from the remnants of disco, house music is considered the most soulful genre of EDM. Its trademark is a constant 4/4 bass beat that people consider ideal for dancing. "Garage" in New York was also named after a club officially known as Paradise Garage (Thornton, 1996, p. 71). However, by 1987 a new sound was emerging from Detroit. This new musical style was influenced by house emerging in near by Chicago but also the mid-eighties work of a German group called Kraftwerk, who infused electronic instrumentation with soul (Sicko, 1999, p. 24-26). For no reason other than the way it sounded, this musical genre was the first style to be labeled as "techno." Detroit Techno pioneer Derrick May explains his attraction to the sounds of Kraftwerk and similar European synthesizer pop. He says "It was just classy and clean, and to us it was

Authors: Farrugia, Rebekah.
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From Midnight to Broad Daylight
9
drinking dens" (1999, p. 72). The summer pf 1988 became known as the "Summer of Love"
(Sillcot, 1999, p. 31). The following year a new record was established on June 24
th
, 1989, when
the Sunrise promotion company attracted eleven thousand people to "Midsummer Night’s
Dream", an event at an aircraft hanger (Reynolds, 1999, p. 75). However, along with the
unprecedented attendance at rave parties came an unending flow of tabloid stories showcasing
the proliferation of drug use that would eventually come to characterize any mainstream
coverage of rave culture throughout the 1990s. Soon after a number of bills were passed in the
UK that considered any gathering with music outside of a club next to impossible to carry out.
Within a few short years, in 1991, the phenomenon established itself in the U.S. Heavily
influenced by disco in cities such as New York and Chicago, EDM began to materialize in the
1980s. Techno often operates as an umbrella term for all subgenres of EDM, which is
overwhelmingly produced by solo artists interspersed with duos and trios (Sick, 1999, p. 11);
however, it also references a particular style of EDM. "House" music in particular was
conceived in Chicago in 1986 and named after a key club – the Warehouse. Emerging from the
remnants of disco, house music is considered the most soulful genre of EDM. Its trademark is a
constant 4/4 bass beat that people consider ideal for dancing. "Garage" in New York was also
named after a club officially known as Paradise Garage (Thornton, 1996, p. 71). However, by
1987 a new sound was emerging from Detroit. This new musical style was influenced by house
emerging in near by Chicago but also the mid-eighties work of a German group called
Kraftwerk, who infused electronic instrumentation with soul (Sicko, 1999, p. 24-26). For no
reason other than the way it sounded, this musical genre was the first style to be labeled as
"techno." Detroit Techno pioneer Derrick May explains his attraction to the sounds of Kraftwerk
and similar European synthesizer pop. He says "It was just classy and clean, and to us it was


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