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Attributions and Outcomes: Hurtful Communication in Families

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Abstract:

If people are typically hurt by the ones they love, then families provide a unique and relatively unexamined context for hurtful communication. From a communication perspective, a critical concern is how people respond when they are hurt. One factor that may impact how people react is their level of relational satisfaction. Additionally, the perceived intent underlying hurt-evoking comments can shape recipientsí communicative responses. This study investigated whether senders and receivers perceive hurtful communication differently with regard to intentionality and relational satisfaction, and how attributions of intentionality and perceptions of relational satisfaction affect recipientsí communicative responses to those messages. Although no differences between senders and receivers were revealed for perceived intentionality or relational satisfaction, these factors did impact how people responded to hurtful communication in their families. When comments were perceived as intentionally hurtful, people had a tendency to respond to negative communication with more negative communication. In contrast, hurt-evoking comments that were viewed as unintentional were met with productive/integrative communication. Likewise, relational satisfaction influenced communicative responses, such that dissatisfied individuals responded with negative communication; whereas satisfied individuals were more likely to calmly discuss their feelings. The findings of the current project shed light on how families interpret and grapple with hurtful communication.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

hurt (135), communic (106), attribut (64), famili (59), respons (58), messag (56), relationship (49), intent (46), negat (45), satisfact (41), relat (39), member (37), perceiv (37), behavior (34), peopl (33), respond (32), recipi (30), sender (29), individu (26), receiv (25), outcom (25),

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attribution theory, communicative responses, families, hurt
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Name: International Communication Association
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http://www.icahdq.org


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URL: http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p112305_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Young, Stacy., Kubicka, Tara., Tucker, Caralyn., McCoy, Jamie., Kanaan, Kanaan., Johnson, Jarvis., Chavez-Appel, Desi. and Dinger, Michelle. "Attributions and Outcomes: Hurtful Communication in Families" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Marriott Hotel, San Diego, CA, May 27, 2003 <Not Available>. 2009-05-26 <http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p112305_index.html>

APA Citation:

Young, S. L., Kubicka, T. L., Tucker, C. E., McCoy, J. S., Kanaan, K. , Johnson, J. , Chavez-Appel, D. and Dinger, M. L. , 2003-05-27 "Attributions and Outcomes: Hurtful Communication in Families" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Marriott Hotel, San Diego, CA Online <.PDF>. 2009-05-26 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p112305_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: If people are typically hurt by the ones they love, then families provide a unique and relatively unexamined context for hurtful communication. From a communication perspective, a critical concern is how people respond when they are hurt. One factor that may impact how people react is their level of relational satisfaction. Additionally, the perceived intent underlying hurt-evoking comments can shape recipientsí communicative responses. This study investigated whether senders and receivers perceive hurtful communication differently with regard to intentionality and relational satisfaction, and how attributions of intentionality and perceptions of relational satisfaction affect recipientsí communicative responses to those messages. Although no differences between senders and receivers were revealed for perceived intentionality or relational satisfaction, these factors did impact how people responded to hurtful communication in their families. When comments were perceived as intentionally hurtful, people had a tendency to respond to negative communication with more negative communication. In contrast, hurt-evoking comments that were viewed as unintentional were met with productive/integrative communication. Likewise, relational satisfaction influenced communicative responses, such that dissatisfied individuals responded with negative communication; whereas satisfied individuals were more likely to calmly discuss their feelings. The findings of the current project shed light on how families interpret and grapple with hurtful communication.

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Document Type: .PDF
Page count: 23
Word count: 5555
Text sample:
Attributions and Outcomes 1 Abstract If people are typically hurt by the ones they love then families provide a unique and relatively unexamined context for hurtful communication. From a communication perspective a critical concern is how people respond when they are hurt. One factor that may impact how people react is their level of relational satisfaction. Additionally the perceived intent underlying hurt-evoking comments can shape recipients’ communicative responses. This study investigated whether senders and receivers perceive hurtful communication differently
Attributions and Outcomes 23 Weiner B. (1995). Judgments of responsibility: A foundation for a theory of social conduct. New York: Guilford. Weiner B. (1991). On perceiving the other as responsible. In R. A. Dienstbier (Ed.) Perspectives on motivation. Lincoln NB: University of Nebraska. Weiner B. Amirkhan J. Folkes V. S. & Verette J. A. (1987). An attributional analysis of excuse giving: Studies of a na√Įve theory of emotion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 52 316-324. Young S. L.


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