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Rationality and Context: Antidotes for Anthrax Anecdotes
Unformatted Document Text:  20 A 2 X 2 ANOVA employing the two story conditions and rationality as independent variables and news item apprehension as the dependent variable revealed no significant interaction, F(1,71) = .04. Moreover, the story condition failed to produce a significant main effect. However, the main effect for rationality approached significant levels, F(1,71) = 3.14, p < .08, 2 = .04. The data germane to this analysis are displayed in Table 2. When the full rationality scale was correlated with news item apprehension, INSERT TABLE 2 ABOUT HERE the correlation proved to be significant, r = -.27, p < .05. Those scoring high in rationality generally tended to evince less apprehension than did their low rationality counterparts. The Experiment 1 correlation between the same two variables was non-significant (r = .01). When experientiality was entered as a covariate in the 2 X 2 design, it proved to be non-significant (p > .73) 3 . The two estimates of anthrax victimization risk were entered as dependent variables in a 2 X 2 MANOVA employing rationality and the story conditions as independent variables. This analysis yielded no significant main effects or interactions. Another 2 X 2 MANOVA employing the two items concerned with newsworthiness and the informativeness of the anthrax story as dependent variables and the same independent variables failed to produce any significant main effects or interaction effects. A 2 X 2 ANOVA of the estimated seriousness of anthrax as a national problem also produced no significant effects. The news item apprehension index was intercorrelated with the victimization risk, newsworthiness and national problem items. This analysis yielded significant positive correlations between news item apprehension and the verbal estimate of victimization

Authors: Berger, Charles., Johnson, Joel. and Lee, Eun-Ju.
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20
A 2 X 2 ANOVA employing the two story conditions and rationality as
independent variables and news item apprehension as the dependent variable revealed no
significant interaction, F(1,71) = .04. Moreover, the story condition failed to produce a
significant main effect. However, the main effect for rationality approached significant
levels, F(1,71) = 3.14, p < .08,
2
= .04. The data germane to this analysis are displayed
in Table 2. When the full rationality scale was correlated with news item apprehension,
INSERT TABLE 2 ABOUT HERE
the correlation proved to be significant, r = -.27, p < .05. Those scoring high in rationality
generally tended to evince less apprehension than did their low rationality counterparts.
The Experiment 1 correlation between the same two variables was non-significant (r
= .01). When experientiality was entered as a covariate in the 2 X 2 design, it proved to
be non-significant (p > .73)
3
.
The two estimates of anthrax victimization risk were entered as dependent
variables in a 2 X 2 MANOVA employing rationality and the story conditions as
independent variables. This analysis yielded no significant main effects or interactions.
Another 2 X 2 MANOVA employing the two items concerned with newsworthiness and
the informativeness of the anthrax story as dependent variables and the same independent
variables failed to produce any significant main effects or interaction effects. A 2 X 2
ANOVA of the estimated seriousness of anthrax as a national problem also produced no
significant effects.
The news item apprehension index was intercorrelated with the victimization risk,
newsworthiness and national problem items. This analysis yielded significant positive
correlations between news item apprehension and the verbal estimate of victimization


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