All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.
Document

Rationality and Context: Antidotes for Anthrax Anecdotes
Unformatted Document Text:  22 The analysis of the news item apprehension measure also revealed a close to significant overall difference between the two experiments, as reported previously, F(1,152) = 3.66, p < .06, 2 = .02. Experiment 1 participants tended to manifest higher apprehension levels. The interaction between rationality and time also approached significant levels, F(1,152) = 2.95, p < .09, 2 = .02. Among low rationality participants, there was virtually no difference between the Experiment 1 (M = 28.27, SD = 5.73) and the Experiment 2 (M = 27.94, SD = 5.88) apprehension means. By contrast, within the high rationality group there was a significant decline in apprehension from Experiment 1 (M = 28.80, SD = 5.19) to Experiment 2 (M = 25.50, SD = 6.93), t(89) = 2.59, p < .02. Thus, the significant overall reduction in apprehension from Experiment 1 to Experiment 2 was driven substantially by the reduction among high rationality participants. Correlations between the seriousness measure and the apprehension index were computed separately for high and low rationality individuals within each experiment. All of the correlations proved to be positive and significant. In Experiment 1, among those low in rationality the correlation was .53, while for highly rational individuals it was .42. The value for low rationality participants in Experiment 2 was very close (r = .56) to that of Experiment 1; however, for high rationality participants the correlation was substantially higher (r = .71). The two correlations for the high rationality group were compared and found to be significantly different from each other, Z = 2.01, p < .05. No other paired comparisons between the correlations proved to be significant. Discussion Experiment 2 results clearly demonstrate that during the six week interval between Experiments 1 and 2, the perceived seriousness of anthrax as a national problem

Authors: Berger, Charles., Johnson, Joel. and Lee, Eun-Ju.
first   previous   Page 22 of 35   next   last



background image
22
The analysis of the news item apprehension measure also revealed a close to
significant overall difference between the two experiments, as reported previously,
F(1,152) = 3.66, p < .06,
2
= .02. Experiment 1 participants tended to manifest higher
apprehension levels. The interaction between rationality and time also approached
significant levels, F(1,152) = 2.95, p < .09,
2
= .02. Among low rationality participants,
there was virtually no difference between the Experiment 1 (M = 28.27, SD = 5.73) and
the Experiment 2 (M = 27.94, SD = 5.88) apprehension means. By contrast, within the
high rationality group there was a significant decline in apprehension from Experiment 1
(M = 28.80, SD = 5.19) to Experiment 2 (M = 25.50, SD = 6.93), t(89) = 2.59, p < .02.
Thus, the significant overall reduction in apprehension from Experiment 1 to Experiment
2 was driven substantially by the reduction among high rationality participants.
Correlations between the seriousness measure and the apprehension index were
computed separately for high and low rationality individuals within each experiment. All
of the correlations proved to be positive and significant. In Experiment 1, among those
low in rationality the correlation was .53, while for highly rational individuals it was .42.
The value for low rationality participants in Experiment 2 was very close (r = .56) to that
of Experiment 1; however, for high rationality participants the correlation was
substantially higher (r = .71). The two correlations for the high rationality group were
compared and found to be significantly different from each other, Z = 2.01, p < .05. No
other paired comparisons between the correlations proved to be significant.
Discussion
Experiment 2 results clearly demonstrate that during the six week interval
between Experiments 1 and 2, the perceived seriousness of anthrax as a national problem


Convention
All Academic Convention can solve the abstract management needs for any association's annual meeting.
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 22 of 35   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.