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Attributions and Outcomes: Hurtful Communication in Families
Unformatted Document Text:  Attributions and Outcomes 12 hurt my feelings to 7 = He/she knew that this would hurt my feelings). For this measure, ( α = .69), scores ranged from 1 to 7, with a mean of 4.13 (SD = 1.62). Additionally, to assess recipients’ communicative responses to the hurtful message, participants completed a modified version of Guerrero et al. (1995) Communicative Responses to Jealously Scale (CRJ). This 31-item measure consisted of six sub-scales measuring communicative responses including: Active Distancing, Negative Affect Expression, Integrative Communication, Distributive Communication, Avoidance/Denial, and Violent Communication/Threats. For the six-item Active Distancing measure ( α = .80), scores ranged from 1 to 7, with a mean of 4.09 (SD = 1.47). A sample item from the Active Distancing response measure was: “I physically pulled away.” The Negative Affect Expression measure included statements such as: “I displayed insecurity toward my family member.” The alpha reliability of this six-item measure was .79, scores ranged from 1 to 7, with a mean of 3.83 (SD = 1.41). For the five-item Integrative Communication response measure ( α = .85), scores ranged from 1 to 7, with a mean of 3.12 (SD = 1.64). This sub-scale asked participants to report on items such as: “I explained my feelings to my family member.” The five-item Distributive Communication response measure included items such as: “I yelled or cursed at my family member.” For the Distributive Communication measure ( α = .87), scores ranged from 1 to 7, with a mean of 3.49 (SD = 1.76). The Avoidance/Denial measure asked respondents to report on items such as: “I got quiet and didn’t say much.” For this five-item measure ( α = .79), scores ranged from 1 to 7, with a mean of 3.24 (SD = 1.52). Finally, for the three-item Violent Communication/Threats measure ( α = .92), scores ranged from 1 to 7, with a mean of 1.73 (SD = 1.38). A sample item for this sub-scale was: “I used physical force against my family member.” All items were assessed using a 7-point Likert type scale with responses ranging from

Authors: Young, Stacy., Kubicka, Tara., Tucker, Caralyn., McCoy, Jamie., Kanaan, Kanaan., Johnson, Jarvis., Chavez-Appel, Desi. and Dinger, Michelle.
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Attributions and Outcomes
12
hurt my feelings to 7 = He/she knew that this would hurt my feelings). For this measure, (
α
=
.69), scores ranged from 1 to 7, with a mean of 4.13 (SD = 1.62).
Additionally, to assess recipients’ communicative responses to the hurtful message,
participants completed a modified version of Guerrero et al. (1995) Communicative Responses
to Jealously Scale (CRJ). This 31-item measure consisted of six sub-scales measuring
communicative responses including: Active Distancing, Negative Affect Expression, Integrative
Communication, Distributive Communication, Avoidance/Denial, and Violent
Communication/Threats. For the six-item Active Distancing measure (
α
= .80), scores ranged
from 1 to 7, with a mean of 4.09 (SD = 1.47). A sample item from the Active Distancing
response measure was: “I physically pulled away.” The Negative Affect Expression measure
included statements such as: “I displayed insecurity toward my family member.” The alpha
reliability of this six-item measure was .79, scores ranged from 1 to 7, with a mean of 3.83 (SD =
1.41). For the five-item Integrative Communication response measure (
α
= .85), scores ranged
from 1 to 7, with a mean of 3.12 (SD = 1.64). This sub-scale asked participants to report on items
such as: “I explained my feelings to my family member.” The five-item Distributive
Communication response measure included items such as: “I yelled or cursed at my family
member.” For the Distributive Communication measure (
α
= .87), scores ranged from 1 to 7,
with a mean of 3.49 (SD = 1.76). The Avoidance/Denial measure asked respondents to report on
items such as: “I got quiet and didn’t say much.” For this five-item measure (
α
= .79), scores
ranged from 1 to 7, with a mean of 3.24 (SD = 1.52). Finally, for the three-item Violent
Communication/Threats measure (
α
= .92), scores ranged from 1 to 7, with a mean of 1.73 (SD
= 1.38). A sample item for this sub-scale was: “I used physical force against my family
member.” All items were assessed using a 7-point Likert type scale with responses ranging from


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