Attributions and Outcomes: Hurtful Communication in Families
Unformatted Document Text:
Attributions and Outcomes
hurtful messages were more apt to give direct, nonaggressive communicative responses. Thus,
hypothesis three (b) was confirmed.
Hypothesis four (a) posited that relational satisfaction would be inversely associated with
negative communicative responses to hurtful communication, such that the less satisfied people
were with their relationship, the more they would report engaging in Active Distancing, Negative
Affect Expression, Distributive Communication, Avoidance/Denial, and Violent
Communication/Threats. Pearson Product Moment Correlations revealed a significant inverse
association between relational satisfaction and Active Distancing (r (345) = -.29, p < .01),
Distributive Communication (r (345) = -.13, p < .01), and Avoidance/Denial (r (344) = -.26, p <
.01). Pearson Product Moment Correlations, however, did not uncover significant inverse
associations between relational satisfaction and Negative Affect Expression (r (343) = -.08, ns) or
Violent Communication/Threats (r (347) = .05, ns). For the most part, individuals who
expressed low relational satisfaction did use more negative communicative responses to hurtful
communication, such as pulling away physically, using verbally aggressive responses, and
denying negative feelings. Therefore, hypothesis four (a) was partially supported.
Finally, individuals who were relationally satisfied were expected to use positive
communication responses, such that more satisfied individuals would report engaging in more
Integrative Communication (H 4b). A Pearson Product Moment Correlation indicated a
significant direct association between relational satisfaction and Integrative Communication (r
(344) = .13, p < .01), such that individuals who were more satisfied with their relationship were
more likely to calmly discuss their feelings. Therefore, hypothesis four (b) was supported.