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Accounts of Single-fatherhood: A case study
Unformatted Document Text:  SINGLE FATHERS 7 10 items from the ICR that represent the quality, value, and control dimensions identified by Duck et al. (1991). The final set of items included relaxed/strained, impersonal/personal, attentive/poor listening, formal/informal, in-depth/superficial, smooth/difficult, guarded/open, great deal of understanding/great deal of misunderstanding, free of communication breakdowns/laden with communication breakdowns, free of conflict/laden with conflict. All items were presented on bipolar scales separated by numbers from one to nine. Lower numbers represented higher quality aspects of the communication. To strengthen reliability, four items were reverse-scored. Participants were asked to consider the overall quality of communication with their child when responding to the items. A factor analysis was not performed given the N size of the sample. Nevertheless, the means for the quality items were of interest to gain some insight into the quality of communication between fathers and their child. Open-ended questions would also be offered later in the study to gain insight into aspects of quality communication between single-fathers and their child. Perceptions of Family The participants’ perceptions of what constitutes a family were assessed by asking them to respond to Trost’s (1989) Measure of Family Representations. Specifically, participants were asked to respond to various representations of a family and asked to indicate whether or not they believed the representation constituted a family. Attitudes Toward Traditionalism To further tap into the participants’ attitudes about nontraditional and traditional families, participants were asked to respond to Lye and Biblarz’s (1993) Attitudes Toward Gender Roles and Family Life Scale, an eleven-item, 1-7 Likert-type scale used to measure participants’

Authors: Emmers-Sommer, Tara., Rhea, David., Triplett, Laura. and O'Neill, Bell.
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SINGLE FATHERS
7
10 items from the ICR that represent the quality, value, and control dimensions identified by
Duck et al. (1991). The final set of items included relaxed/strained, impersonal/personal,
attentive/poor listening, formal/informal, in-depth/superficial, smooth/difficult, guarded/open,
great deal of understanding/great deal of misunderstanding, free of communication
breakdowns/laden with communication breakdowns, free of conflict/laden with conflict. All
items were presented on bipolar scales separated by numbers from one to nine. Lower numbers
represented higher quality aspects of the communication. To strengthen reliability, four items
were reverse-scored. Participants were asked to consider the overall quality of communication
with their child when responding to the items. A factor analysis was not performed given the N
size of the sample. Nevertheless, the means for the quality items were of interest to gain some
insight into the quality of communication between fathers and their child. Open-ended questions
would also be offered later in the study to gain insight into aspects of quality communication
between single-fathers and their child.
Perceptions of Family
The participants’ perceptions of what constitutes a family were assessed by asking them
to respond to Trost’s (1989) Measure of Family Representations. Specifically, participants were
asked to respond to various representations of a family and asked to indicate whether or not they
believed the representation constituted a family.
Attitudes Toward Traditionalism
To further tap into the participants’ attitudes about nontraditional and traditional families,
participants were asked to respond to Lye and Biblarz’s (1993) Attitudes Toward Gender Roles
and Family Life Scale, an eleven-item, 1-7 Likert-type scale used to measure participants’


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