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Affective-News Theory: Effects of Narrative Structure on Suspense, Curiosity, and Enjoyment While Reading News and Novels

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Abstract:

Three studies (n = 311) were conducted to investigate effects of narrative structure and authenticity on suspense, curiosity, and reading enjoyment. A questionnaire developed to measure suspense and curiosity substantiated the discriminant validity of these dimensions. In a web-based study and two paper-pencil studies, respondents read texts that were manipulated for narrative structure (linear, with omission, or 'inverted pyramid'). To manipulate authenticity, texts were presented either as news articles or as novel excerpts, a treatment that proved to be effective. All seven hypotheses gained empirical support. Linear structures evoked more suspense than either structures with omission or the 'inverted pyramid.' Curiosity was higher in reaction to omission structures than it was for either linear structures or the 'inverted pyramid.' The linear structure and the omission structure both produced greater reading enjoyment than the 'inverted pyramid.' Interestingly, these effects were independent of authenticity of media content, being either journalistic or literary.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

narrat (140), structur (140), news (122), text (105), suspens (60), effect (56), p (54), stori (51), curios (50), read (43), affect (41), event (41), inform (37), present (36), pyramid (34), linear (34), omiss (34), report (33), authent (31), invert (31), f (31),

Author's Keywords:

narrative formats, news, novels, news effects
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MLA Citation:

Knobloch, Silvia. and Carpentier, Francesca. "Affective-News Theory: Effects of Narrative Structure on Suspense, Curiosity, and Enjoyment While Reading News and Novels" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Marriott Hotel, San Diego, CA, May 27, 2003 <Not Available>. 2009-05-26 <http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p112320_index.html>

APA Citation:

Knobloch, S. and Carpentier, F. D. , 2003-05-27 "Affective-News Theory: Effects of Narrative Structure on Suspense, Curiosity, and Enjoyment While Reading News and Novels" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Marriott Hotel, San Diego, CA Online <.PDF>. 2009-05-26 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p112320_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Three studies (n = 311) were conducted to investigate effects of narrative structure and authenticity on suspense, curiosity, and reading enjoyment. A questionnaire developed to measure suspense and curiosity substantiated the discriminant validity of these dimensions. In a web-based study and two paper-pencil studies, respondents read texts that were manipulated for narrative structure (linear, with omission, or 'inverted pyramid'). To manipulate authenticity, texts were presented either as news articles or as novel excerpts, a treatment that proved to be effective. All seven hypotheses gained empirical support. Linear structures evoked more suspense than either structures with omission or the 'inverted pyramid.' Curiosity was higher in reaction to omission structures than it was for either linear structures or the 'inverted pyramid.' The linear structure and the omission structure both produced greater reading enjoyment than the 'inverted pyramid.' Interestingly, these effects were independent of authenticity of media content, being either journalistic or literary.

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Document Type: .PDF
Page count: 32
Word count: 7928
Text sample:
Affective-News Theory Effects of Narrative Structure on Suspense Curiosity and Enjoyment While Reading News and Novels Silvia Knobloch1 Dresden University of Technology News Narratives 2 Affective-News Theory: Effects of Narrative Structure on Suspense Curiosity and Enjoyment While Reading News and Novels Abstract Three studies (n = 311) were conducted to investigate effects of narrative structure and authenticity on suspense curiosity and reading enjoyment. A questionnaire developed to measure suspense and curiosity substantiated the discriminant validity of these dimensions. In
curiosity (novel) 3 0 2 5 2 0 Linear Structure Omission Structure Inverted Pyramid Figure 4 Effects of Narrative Structure and Authenticity on Suspense and Curiosity News Narratives 32 1 The author wish to acknowledge comments by Francesca Dillman Carpentier on an earlier version of the manuscript as well as the kind financial support for the reported main study from the Association of Friends of the Department of Communication at the Dresden University of Technology Germany. 2 The theory


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