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Affective-News Theory: Effects of Narrative Structure on Suspense, Curiosity, and Enjoyment While Reading News and Novels
Unformatted Document Text:  News Narratives 10 versus writing ages as full words (novels), or providing initials of family names (articles) versus omitting initials altogether (novels). Procedure. Respondents could complete the experimental procedure either at home or at the university computer laboratory, as the material was accessible online. An experimenter remained present to prevent distraction from the procedure. Verbal information was only given during recruitment. All instructions were given as written text presented online. There was no variation whatsoever for the experimental versions. Articles and novels were both referred to as "texts." Participants were informed that the researchers were interested in impressions people may develop while reading texts. The participants were then asked to read the presented texts just as they would normally do, and that the time they would need to finish was unlimited. The focus on personal impressions was emphasized again in order to prevent contrived behavior due to test apprehensions. Each presented text was split into two parts. After the first part, a line such as "To be continued on p. 15" indicated that the reading was not yet complete. In this break, a questionnaire was presented before the second part of the text was presented for closure. Three texts were presented in this manner, with transition instructions in between. All three texts belonged to only one presentational form, for instance "linear novel excerpt" or "news article with omission." Treatment check. To ensure that the news article and novel excerpt formats were convincing, each text was rated on a six-point scale ranging from “not at all” to “absolutely” according to the question, "While reading the text <identification by headline>, did you have the impression that the reported events were fully invented?" To test for a possible difference in affective disposition towards characters resulting from either the narrative structure or the ostensible authenticity of depicted events, ratings for "How much did you like the <character identification by name>?" were also collected, using response choices that ranged from "not at all" to "very much.". Dependent measures. The questionnaire in the pilot study served to develop a scale to measure suspense and curiosity induced by texts. The dimensions are indicated below with "S" for suspense,

Authors: Knobloch, Silvia. and Carpentier, Francesca.
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News Narratives 10
versus writing ages as full words (novels), or providing initials of family names (articles) versus
omitting initials altogether (novels).
Procedure. Respondents could complete the experimental procedure either at home or at the
university computer laboratory, as the material was accessible online. An experimenter remained
present to prevent distraction from the procedure. Verbal information was only given during
recruitment. All instructions were given as written text presented online. There was no variation
whatsoever for the experimental versions. Articles and novels were both referred to as "texts."
Participants were informed that the researchers were interested in impressions people may develop
while reading texts. The participants were then asked to read the presented texts just as they would
normally do, and that the time they would need to finish was unlimited. The focus on personal
impressions was emphasized again in order to prevent contrived behavior due to test apprehensions.
Each presented text was split into two parts. After the first part, a line such as "To be continued
on p. 15" indicated that the reading was not yet complete. In this break, a questionnaire was presented
before the second part of the text was presented for closure. Three texts were presented in this manner,
with transition instructions in between. All three texts belonged to only one presentational form, for
instance "linear novel excerpt" or "news article with omission."
Treatment check. To ensure that the news article and novel excerpt formats were convincing,
each text was rated on a six-point scale ranging from “not at all” to “absolutely” according to the
question, "While reading the text <identification by headline>, did you have the impression that the
reported events were fully invented?" To test for a possible difference in affective disposition towards
characters resulting from either the narrative structure or the ostensible authenticity of depicted events,
ratings for "How much did you like the <character identification by name>?" were also collected, using
response choices that ranged from "not at all" to "very much.".
Dependent measures. The questionnaire in the pilot study served to develop a scale to measure
suspense and curiosity induced by texts. The dimensions are indicated below with "S" for suspense,


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