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Affective-News Theory: Effects of Narrative Structure on Suspense, Curiosity, and Enjoyment While Reading News and Novels
Unformatted Document Text:  News Narratives 11 "C" for curiosity, and "F" for fill words to veil the study’s interest. Introduced by the question "How much do the following characteristics apply to the text?", the items "exciting" (S), "boring" (F), "thrilling" (S), "uninteresting" (F) "mysterious" (C) "sober" (F) and "secretive/puzzling" (C, "geheimnisvoll" in German) were rated by the respondents on a six-point scale ranging from "not at all" to "absolutely." In like fashion, participants also responded to "Did you wonder while reading what had happened before?" (C), "Did the text grip you?" (S), "Did you find the plot enigmatic?" (C), and "How much did you sympathize with/respond to <character identification by name>?" (S). Furthermore, the respondents rated how "expectant" (S), "excited" (S), "curious" (C), and "in suspense" (S, "gespannt" in German) the texts were in response to the question, "How did you feel while reading?". Besides dependent measures, socio-demographic data were collected. Pretest Respondents. The pretest sample included 83 students participating in introductory communication classes. The majority (81%) was female; 22.8 was the average age. The respondents read four different texts (cell sizes were 17, 18, 18, and 30) in three versions. Participants were randomly assigned to these versions. Stimulus Material. The pretest covered four texts that were all presented in news-article format. One text was basically adopted from the pilot study, the "kidnapping" story, and only slightly altered (506 words). The three additional text used in the pretest are described in the following. One text featured a girl’s poisoning during a picnic after workers dropped of dangerous chemical disposal in the forest. Another text covered a stuck cabin of a funicular cable railway after sabotage. A third text described the collapse of a brewery building where burglars had damaged a pillar of the building. The text lengths accounted for 760, 679, and 560 words. In contrast to the pilot study, all experimental versions of each text featured the same number of words. Hence, there was no variation of length across experimental versions. Again, journalism freelancers wrote the texts. Five text segments—

Authors: Knobloch, Silvia. and Carpentier, Francesca.
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News Narratives 11
"C" for curiosity, and "F" for fill words to veil the study’s interest. Introduced by the question "How
much do the following characteristics apply to the text?", the items "exciting" (S), "boring" (F),
"thrilling" (S), "uninteresting" (F) "mysterious" (C) "sober" (F) and "secretive/puzzling" (C,
"geheimnisvoll" in German) were rated by the respondents on a six-point scale ranging from "not at
all" to "absolutely." In like fashion, participants also responded to "Did you wonder while reading what
had happened before?" (C), "Did the text grip you?" (S), "Did you find the plot enigmatic?" (C), and
"How much did you sympathize with/respond to <character identification by name>?" (S).
Furthermore, the respondents rated how "expectant" (S), "excited" (S), "curious" (C), and "in suspense"
(S, "gespannt" in German) the texts were in response to the question, "How did you feel while
reading?". Besides dependent measures, socio-demographic data were collected.
Pretest
Respondents. The pretest sample included 83 students participating in introductory
communication classes. The majority (81%) was female; 22.8 was the average age. The respondents
read four different texts (cell sizes were 17, 18, 18, and 30) in three versions. Participants were
randomly assigned to these versions.
Stimulus Material. The pretest covered four texts that were all presented in news-article format.
One text was basically adopted from the pilot study, the "kidnapping" story, and only slightly altered
(506 words). The three additional text used in the pretest are described in the following. One text
featured a girl’s poisoning during a picnic after workers dropped of dangerous chemical disposal in the
forest. Another text covered a stuck cabin of a funicular cable railway after sabotage. A third text
described the collapse of a brewery building where burglars had damaged a pillar of the building. The
text lengths accounted for 760, 679, and 560 words. In contrast to the pilot study, all experimental
versions of each text featured the same number of words. Hence, there was no variation of length
across experimental versions. Again, journalism freelancers wrote the texts. Five text segments—


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