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Affective-News Theory: Effects of Narrative Structure on Suspense, Curiosity, and Enjoyment While Reading News and Novels
Unformatted Document Text:  News Narratives 12 initiating event, exposition, complication, climax, and outcome—were constructed from which an exact variation of narrative structure was ascertained (see Figure 1). The linear structure aligned the segments in exactly this sequence. The structure with omission posed the outcome first, followed by exposition, complication, climax, and initiating event. The inverted-pyramid structure started with the initiating event and the outcome, continuing with the exposition, complication, and climax segments. Again, each presented text was split into two parts to incorporate text appreciation scales (see also procedure). After the first part, a line such as "To be continued on p. 15" indicated that the reading was not yet complete. The number of words read before and after this caesura were held constant for all narrative structures by ensuring that, within each text, the word count of the outcome segment equaled that of the climax and initiating event combined, as well as the complication and climax combined. For instance, in one of the texts, the five segments had the following lengths: 70 words for initiating event, 164 for exposition, 70 for complication, 93 for climax, and 163 for outcome (560 words altogether). All participants read 397 words before answering the questionnaire part referring to this text and were then exposed to 163 words in the "continuation"  regardless of the narrative structure type. Procedure. Data were collected in class in a paper-pencil procedure. Participants read only one of the four texts. In the linear structure, text appreciation scales were administered before the outcome was presented. For the omission structure, they were built in between the complication and climax segments. In the 'inverted pyramid' structure, the scales appeared after the exposition. The procedure was otherwise the same as in the pilot study. Dependent measures. Based on the pilot study, respondents rated the texts on curiosity, suspense, and some filler words. In addition, an information evaluation was collected, as indicated with "I" below. The following items were thus rated: "mysterious" (C), "informative" (I), "boring" (F), "thrilling" (S), "enigmatic" (C), "calming" (F), "gripping" (S), "sound" (I), "uninteresting" (F), "secretive" (C), "thrilling" (S), and "objective" (I).

Authors: Knobloch, Silvia. and Carpentier, Francesca.
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News Narratives 12
initiating event, exposition, complication, climax, and outcome—were constructed from which an exact
variation of narrative structure was ascertained (see Figure 1).
The linear structure aligned the segments in exactly this sequence. The structure with omission
posed the outcome first, followed by exposition, complication, climax, and initiating event. The
inverted-pyramid structure started with the initiating event and the outcome, continuing with the
exposition, complication, and climax segments. Again, each presented text was split into two parts to
incorporate text appreciation scales (see also procedure). After the first part, a line such as "To be
continued on p. 15" indicated that the reading was not yet complete. The number of words read before
and after this caesura were held constant for all narrative structures by ensuring that, within each text,
the word count of the outcome segment equaled that of the climax and initiating event combined, as
well as the complication and climax combined. For instance, in one of the texts, the five segments had
the following lengths: 70 words for initiating event, 164 for exposition, 70 for complication, 93 for
climax, and 163 for outcome (560 words altogether). All participants read 397 words before answering
the questionnaire part referring to this text and were then exposed to 163 words in the
"continuation"
regardless of the narrative structure type.
Procedure. Data were collected in class in a paper-pencil procedure. Participants read only one
of the four texts. In the linear structure, text appreciation scales were administered before the outcome
was presented. For the omission structure, they were built in between the complication and climax
segments. In the 'inverted pyramid' structure, the scales appeared after the exposition. The procedure
was otherwise the same as in the pilot study.
Dependent measures. Based on the pilot study, respondents rated the texts on curiosity,
suspense, and some filler words. In addition, an information evaluation was collected, as indicated with
"I" below. The following items were thus rated: "mysterious" (C), "informative" (I), "boring" (F),
"thrilling" (S), "enigmatic" (C), "calming" (F), "gripping" (S), "sound" (I), "uninteresting" (F),
"secretive" (C), "thrilling" (S), and "objective" (I).


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