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Affective-News Theory: Effects of Narrative Structure on Suspense, Curiosity, and Enjoyment While Reading News and Novels
Unformatted Document Text:  News Narratives 13 Main Experiment Respondents. Data were collected on "Visitors’ Day" for which the university invites the general public to an exhibition of its programs of study and research. Of the 133 participants obtained, 45% were female. The average age was 19.5, with the maximum age being 32. High-school students dominated the sample. Cell sizes for these experimental groups ranged from 19 to 24, respondents being randomly assigned to the groups. Procedure. Participants were approached at the central building of the university campus and asked to partake in a 20-minute procedure. They were promised an incentive thereafter (a package with a soft drink, a highlighting marker, adhesive notes, and candy). The session was conducted in paper- pencil format in the same building in a room with 20 tables, where participants sat while reading and completing the questionnaires. Participants were informed in the beginning of the procedure that three texts would be presented. The procedure was otherwise the same as in the pretest. Questions about habitual use of print media and novels were also incorporated in the questionnaire. Stimulus Material. All articles from the pretest were used in the main study as well, except for the "kidnapping story" that was excluded to keep the procedure’s length manageable. The manipulation for authenticity followed the example of the pilot study treatment. News article versions were presented with a newspaper logo, a column heading, and a date. The first paragraph was set in bold letters. Under a fictitious writer’s name, the body text was written in four columns (see Figure 2). In contrast, the novel excerpt displayed a book cover along with the same fictitious writer’s name. The very first letter of the story text was enlarged, and the body text formed two broad columns resembling two book pages (see Figure 3). Again, minor details were adjusted in the texts proper as described above in the pilot treatment. Dependent measures. The same questionnaire was used as in the pretest. One question was added, being "How much did you enjoy reading the text so far?" with a six-point scale ranging from "not at all" to "very much" as response format.

Authors: Knobloch, Silvia. and Carpentier, Francesca.
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News Narratives 13
Main Experiment
Respondents. Data were collected on "Visitors’ Day" for which the university invites the general
public to an exhibition of its programs of study and research. Of the 133 participants obtained, 45%
were female. The average age was 19.5, with the maximum age being 32. High-school students
dominated the sample. Cell sizes for these experimental groups ranged from 19 to 24, respondents
being randomly assigned to the groups.
Procedure. Participants were approached at the central building of the university campus and
asked to partake in a 20-minute procedure. They were promised an incentive thereafter (a package with
a soft drink, a highlighting marker, adhesive notes, and candy). The session was conducted in paper-
pencil format in the same building in a room with 20 tables, where participants sat while reading and
completing the questionnaires. Participants were informed in the beginning of the procedure that three
texts would be presented. The procedure was otherwise the same as in the pretest. Questions about
habitual use of print media and novels were also incorporated in the questionnaire.
Stimulus Material. All articles from the pretest were used in the main study as well, except for
the "kidnapping story" that was excluded to keep the procedure’s length manageable. The manipulation
for authenticity followed the example of the pilot study treatment. News article versions were presented
with a newspaper logo, a column heading, and a date. The first paragraph was set in bold letters. Under
a fictitious writer’s name, the body text was written in four columns (see Figure 2). In contrast, the
novel excerpt displayed a book cover along with the same fictitious writer’s name. The very first letter
of the story text was enlarged, and the body text formed two broad columns resembling two book pages
(see Figure 3). Again, minor details were adjusted in the texts proper as described above in the pilot
treatment.
Dependent measures. The same questionnaire was used as in the pretest. One question was
added, being "How much did you enjoy reading the text so far?" with a six-point scale ranging from
"not at all" to "very much" as response format.


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