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Affective-News Theory: Effects of Narrative Structure on Suspense, Curiosity, and Enjoyment While Reading News and Novels
Unformatted Document Text:  News Narratives 14 Results Text Appreciation Scales Pilot study. Ratings of the dependent measures in the pilot study were condensed for each item as means across all three given texts (supermarket, mayor’s wife, and kidnapping). These variables, fill word items excluded, were subjected to a factor analysis varimax rotation that yielded two factors accounting for 56% and 14% of explained variance. The first factor formed a suspense dimension with high loadings of "thrilling" (.84), "grip" (.81), "exciting" (.78), "excited" (.74), and "sympathize" (.71). Items for curiosity converged in the second factor: "mysterious" (.89), "secretive/puzzling" (.85), "enigmatic" (.84), and "wonder" (.79). The remaining items "expectant," "curious," and "in suspense" each showed loadings above .42 on the alternative factor and were not considered as differentiating (the two latter, although labeling the two dimensions of affective reactions, have a very broad meaning in colloquial German, comparable to "interested"). Results of the factor analysis, thus, attested to the postulated response dimensions. To attain very compact measures, the three items with the highest loadings were condensed as means, resulting in two three-item scales for suspense (alpha = .80) and for curiosity (alpha = .90). Pretest. Dependent measures in the pretest, except for fill words, were subjected to a factor analysis with varimax rotation as well. The resulting three factors accounted for 39%, 24%, and 16% of explained variance and represented curiosity, suspense, and information evaluation, thus attested to the postulated response dimensions. The first factor showed high loadings for "mysterious" (.94), "enigmatic" (.92), and "secretive" (.84), whereas "gripping" (.91), "thrilling" (.90), and "exciting" (.87) converged on the second factor. The third dimension pertained to the information evaluation with "sound" (.89), "objective" (.87), and "informative" (.59). All loadings on other factors were negligible (<.30). Based on high inter-item consistencies, measures were condensed for suspense (alpha = .90), curiosity (alpha = .91), and information evaluation (alpha = .73).

Authors: Knobloch, Silvia. and Carpentier, Francesca.
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News Narratives 14
Results
Text Appreciation Scales
Pilot study. Ratings of the dependent measures in the pilot study were condensed for each item
as means across all three given texts (supermarket, mayor’s wife, and kidnapping). These variables, fill
word items excluded, were subjected to a factor analysis varimax rotation that yielded two factors
accounting for 56% and 14% of explained variance. The first factor formed a suspense dimension with
high loadings of "thrilling" (.84), "grip" (.81), "exciting" (.78), "excited" (.74), and "sympathize" (.71).
Items for curiosity converged in the second factor: "mysterious" (.89), "secretive/puzzling" (.85),
"enigmatic" (.84), and "wonder" (.79). The remaining items "expectant," "curious," and "in suspense"
each showed loadings above .42 on the alternative factor and were not considered as differentiating (the
two latter, although labeling the two dimensions of affective reactions, have a very broad meaning in
colloquial German, comparable to "interested"). Results of the factor analysis, thus, attested to the
postulated response dimensions. To attain very compact measures, the three items with the highest
loadings were condensed as means, resulting in two three-item scales for suspense (alpha = .80) and for
curiosity (alpha = .90).
Pretest. Dependent measures in the pretest, except for fill words, were subjected to a factor
analysis with varimax rotation as well. The resulting three factors accounted for 39%, 24%, and 16% of
explained variance and represented curiosity, suspense, and information evaluation, thus attested to the
postulated response dimensions. The first factor showed high loadings for "mysterious" (.94),
"enigmatic" (.92), and "secretive" (.84), whereas "gripping" (.91), "thrilling" (.90), and "exciting" (.87)
converged on the second factor. The third dimension pertained to the information evaluation with
"sound" (.89), "objective" (.87), and "informative" (.59). All loadings on other factors were negligible
(<.30). Based on high inter-item consistencies, measures were condensed for suspense (alpha = .90),
curiosity (alpha = .91), and information evaluation (alpha = .73).


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