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Affective-News Theory: Effects of Narrative Structure on Suspense, Curiosity, and Enjoyment While Reading News and Novels
Unformatted Document Text:  News Narratives 15 Main experiment. A factor analysis of dependent measures’ means across texts, with varimax rotation, revealed very similar findings for the main experiment. Again, three factors emerged, accounting for 29%, 19%, and 18% of explained variance. The suspense factor came out first ("thrilling," .91, "exciting," .85, and "gripping," .67, alpha = .68), followed by the curiosity factor ("secretive," .83, "mysterious," .81, and "enigmatic," .71, alpha = .58) and the information-evaluation factor ("sound," .87, "objective," .86, and "informative," .56, alpha =. 67). Treatment checks Affective dispositions. The pilot study tested the assumption that affective dispositions towards text protagonists would not vary systematically for narrative structure and authenticity. For this purpose, an analysis of variance was conducted with these variables as independent factors and the average rating of "How much did you like the <character identification by name>?" as dependent measure. Neither narrative structure and nor authenticity showed an appreciable impact on the affective dispositions (F < 1). Subsequent analyses for individual characters attested to the same equivalence of affective dispositions in response to the various text versions. Furthermore, a test of effects of the narrative structure on the affective dispositions revealed no effects whatsoever. Hence, differences in affective reactions are not attributable to contrasts in liking of protagonists. Perceived authenticity. Furthermore, the pilot study investigated the effectiveness of the authenticity manipulation that was based on presenting texts in news-article format or as novel excerpt. Therefore, responses, averaged across texts, to the question "While reading the text <identification by headline>, did you have the impression that the reported events were fully invented?" were subjected to an analysis of variance with authenticity manipulation and, in addition, narrative structure as factors. As expected, a main effect emerged for the authenticity manipulation (F(1,91) = 6.55, p = . 012) with significantly higher "invented" ratings for the novel excerpt compared to the news article (M = 3.94 vs. 3.31), thus attesting to the manipulation’s effectiveness. Subsequent analyses for individual texts substantiated this finding of a main effect of authenticity (p = .082, .007, and .019). All other effects

Authors: Knobloch, Silvia. and Carpentier, Francesca.
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News Narratives 15
Main experiment. A factor analysis of dependent measures’ means across texts, with varimax
rotation, revealed very similar findings for the main experiment. Again, three factors emerged,
accounting for 29%, 19%, and 18% of explained variance. The suspense factor came out first
("thrilling," .91, "exciting," .85, and "gripping," .67, alpha = .68), followed by the curiosity factor
("secretive," .83, "mysterious," .81, and "enigmatic," .71, alpha = .58) and the information-evaluation
factor ("sound," .87, "objective," .86, and "informative," .56, alpha =. 67).
Treatment checks
Affective dispositions. The pilot study tested the assumption that affective dispositions towards
text protagonists would not vary systematically for narrative structure and authenticity. For this
purpose, an analysis of variance was conducted with these variables as independent factors and the
average rating of "How much did you like the <character identification by name>?" as dependent
measure. Neither narrative structure and nor authenticity showed an appreciable impact on the affective
dispositions (F < 1). Subsequent analyses for individual characters attested to the same equivalence of
affective dispositions in response to the various text versions. Furthermore, a test of effects of the
narrative structure on the affective dispositions revealed no effects whatsoever. Hence, differences in
affective reactions are not attributable to contrasts in liking of protagonists.
Perceived authenticity. Furthermore, the pilot study investigated the effectiveness of the
authenticity manipulation that was based on presenting texts in news-article format or as novel excerpt.
Therefore, responses, averaged across texts, to the question "While reading the text <identification by
headline>, did you have the impression that the reported events were fully invented?" were subjected to
an analysis of variance with authenticity manipulation and, in addition, narrative structure as factors.
As expected, a main effect emerged for the authenticity manipulation (F(1,91) = 6.55, p = . 012) with
significantly higher "invented" ratings for the novel excerpt compared to the news article (M = 3.94 vs.
3.31), thus attesting to the manipulation’s effectiveness. Subsequent analyses for individual texts
substantiated this finding of a main effect of authenticity (p = .082, .007, and .019). All other effects


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