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Affective-News Theory: Effects of Narrative Structure on Suspense, Curiosity, and Enjoyment While Reading News and Novels
Unformatted Document Text:  News Narratives 16 were negligible in these analyses. In addition, a test for an impact of narrative structure on perceived authenticity showed no remarkable effects. Effects of Narrative Structure Pilot study. Ratings of suspense and curiosity were subjected to an analysis of variance with narrative structure as independent factor. The structure had a significant impact on curiosity (F(1,93) = 19.06, p < .001) that scored higher for the omission structure than for the linear text (M = 3.69 vs. 2.82). Suspense was not significantly influenced by the narrative structure. Pretest. As respondents had read four different texts in three versions (4x3-design), analyses of variance were conducted with text and with narrative structure as independent factors. For suspense, besides a main effect of the specific text (F(6,71) = 2.48, p = .031), the impact of narrative structure proved to be highly significant (F(2,71) = 5.34, p = .007). Subsequent tests showed suspense ratings to be significantly higher for the linear structure than for the inverted pyramid (t(54) = 2.74, p = .004) and marginally significantly higher than for the omission structure (t(54) = 1.58, p = .060), whereas no appreciable difference existed between omission structure and inverted pyramid. For curiosity, only the narrative structure proved to have a significant impact (F(2,71) = 3.51, p = .035). The associated ratings were significantly higher for the omission structure than for the linear structure (t(52) = 2.47, p = .008) and than for the inverted pyramid (t(54) = 2.18, p = .017), whereas no remarkable contrast existed between linear structure and inverted pyramid. The information evaluation was neither influenced by the narrative structure nor by the specific text. Effects of the narrative structure on suspense and curiosity were by and large in line with these general findings for all four texts used in the pretest, although not being necessarily significant due to small sample sizes. Hence, one text was excluded in the main experiment more for the sake of an acceptable length of the experimental procedure. Main experiment. Analyses of variance with narrative structure as independent factor were conducted to investigate its impact on readers’ responses as dependent measures. The narrative

Authors: Knobloch, Silvia. and Carpentier, Francesca.
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News Narratives 16
were negligible in these analyses. In addition, a test for an impact of narrative structure on perceived
authenticity showed no remarkable effects.
Effects of Narrative Structure
Pilot study. Ratings of suspense and curiosity were subjected to an analysis of variance with
narrative structure as independent factor. The structure had a significant impact on curiosity (F(1,93) =
19.06, p < .001) that scored higher for the omission structure than for the linear text (M = 3.69 vs.
2.82). Suspense was not significantly influenced by the narrative structure.
Pretest. As respondents had read four different texts in three versions (4x3-design), analyses of
variance were conducted with text and with narrative structure as independent factors. For suspense,
besides a main effect of the specific text (F(6,71) = 2.48, p = .031), the impact of narrative structure
proved to be highly significant (F(2,71) = 5.34, p = .007). Subsequent tests showed suspense ratings to
be significantly higher for the linear structure than for the inverted pyramid (t(54) = 2.74, p = .004) and
marginally significantly higher than for the omission structure (t(54) = 1.58, p = .060), whereas no
appreciable difference existed between omission structure and inverted pyramid. For curiosity, only the
narrative structure proved to have a significant impact (F(2,71) = 3.51, p = .035). The associated
ratings were significantly higher for the omission structure than for the linear structure (t(52) = 2.47, p
= .008) and than for the inverted pyramid (t(54) = 2.18, p = .017), whereas no remarkable contrast
existed between linear structure and inverted pyramid. The information evaluation was neither
influenced by the narrative structure nor by the specific text.
Effects of the narrative structure on suspense and curiosity were by and large in line with these
general findings for all four texts used in the pretest, although not being necessarily significant due to
small sample sizes. Hence, one text was excluded in the main experiment more for the sake of an
acceptable length of the experimental procedure.
Main experiment. Analyses of variance with narrative structure as independent factor were
conducted to investigate its impact on readers’ responses as dependent measures. The narrative


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