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Affective-News Theory: Effects of Narrative Structure on Suspense, Curiosity, and Enjoyment While Reading News and Novels
Unformatted Document Text:  News Narratives 17 structure significantly influenced suspense (F(2,130) = 10.07, p < .001), curiosity (F(2,130) = 5.29, p = .006), reading enjoyment (F(2,130) = 6.13, p = .003), and information evaluation (F(2,130) = 3.80, p = .025) (see Figure 4). Subsequent tests (see Table 1) showed that the linear structure evoked significantly more suspense than the inverted pyramid and than the omission structure. Most curiosity was reported while reading texts with omission structure, the scores being significantly lower for the linear structure. The difference for the inverted pyramid was marginally significant (t(87) = 1.37, p = .09). Participants enjoyed reading linear texts and texts with omissions significantly more than reading the inverted-pyramid format. The information evaluation was particularly low for the linear structure compared to the inverted pyramid as well as to the omission structure. Analyses of variance with ratings for the three particular texts as repeated measures and narrative structure as independent factor were conducted to explore whether these effects were attributable to one particular text. For suspense, the analysis showed differing response degrees for the three texts (F(2,260) = 5.97, p = .006; M = 3.15 vs. 3.43 vs. 3.83) and an interaction between repeated measure and narrative structure (F(2,260) = 2.65, p = .046). This interaction resulted from differences in the strength of the narrative structure effect (in simple analyses of variance for all three texts, the main effects of narrative structure on suspense were significant at p = .096, p <.001, and p =.002), although the overall pattern with the linear structure evoking most suspense was reflected in the responses for all individual texts. For curiosity, the three texts generated varying response degrees (F(2,260) = 7.89, p = .001; M = 2.29 vs. 2.26 vs. 3.08). As indicated by an interaction (F(2,260) = 3.09, p = .025), the narrative structure did not have the same effect on responses to all texts. One failed to evoke more curiosity in the omission version (the main effect being insignificant, p = .215), whereas two reflected the overall pattern with maximum curiosity for the omission structure (p < .001 and p = .007 for main effects in simple analyses of variance). For reading enjoyment, an effect of the repeated measures showed that the respondents liked one text ("brewery") more than the others (F(2,260) = 3.23, p = .042; M = 3.20 vs. 2.99 and 2.97). The narrative structure did influence the enjoyment

Authors: Knobloch, Silvia. and Carpentier, Francesca.
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News Narratives 17
structure significantly influenced suspense (F(2,130) = 10.07, p < .001), curiosity (F(2,130) = 5.29, p =
.006), reading enjoyment (F(2,130) = 6.13, p = .003), and information evaluation (F(2,130) = 3.80, p =
.025) (see Figure 4). Subsequent tests (see Table 1) showed that the linear structure evoked
significantly more suspense than the inverted pyramid and than the omission structure. Most curiosity
was reported while reading texts with omission structure, the scores being significantly lower for the
linear structure. The difference for the inverted pyramid was marginally significant (t(87) = 1.37, p =
.09). Participants enjoyed reading linear texts and texts with omissions significantly more than reading
the inverted-pyramid format. The information evaluation was particularly low for the linear structure
compared to the inverted pyramid as well as to the omission structure.
Analyses of variance with ratings for the three particular texts as repeated measures and
narrative structure as independent factor were conducted to explore whether these effects were
attributable to one particular text. For suspense, the analysis showed differing response degrees for the
three texts (F(2,260) = 5.97, p = .006; M = 3.15 vs. 3.43 vs. 3.83) and an interaction between repeated
measure and narrative structure (F(2,260) = 2.65, p = .046). This interaction resulted from differences
in the strength of the narrative structure effect (in simple analyses of variance for all three texts, the
main effects of narrative structure on suspense were significant at p = .096, p <.001, and p =.002),
although the overall pattern with the linear structure evoking most suspense was reflected in the
responses for all individual texts. For curiosity, the three texts generated varying response degrees
(F(2,260) = 7.89, p = .001; M = 2.29 vs. 2.26 vs. 3.08). As indicated by an interaction (F(2,260) = 3.09,
p = .025), the narrative structure did not have the same effect on responses to all texts. One failed to
evoke more curiosity in the omission version (the main effect being insignificant, p = .215), whereas
two reflected the overall pattern with maximum curiosity for the omission structure (p < .001 and p =
.007 for main effects in simple analyses of variance). For reading enjoyment, an effect of the repeated
measures showed that the respondents liked one text ("brewery") more than the others (F(2,260) =
3.23, p = .042; M = 3.20 vs. 2.99 and 2.97). The narrative structure did influence the enjoyment


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