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Gender Differences in the Style and Substance of Adolescents' Personal Home Pages
Unformatted Document Text:  Gender Differences 13 girls referenced their friends at similarly high rates, girls were significantly more likely to reference their families (70%) and romantic relationships (30%) than were boys (respectively, 48%; 17%). Interests. In general, significant gender differences were not apparent in most of the interests represented on the adolescents’ home pages in this study. Both boys and girls referenced various media, with music being the most frequent (38% of all home pages). School was referenced by more than half of the home pages (n=155, 65%), and 76% (n=184) of the home pages references "other" hobbies. Sports were referenced in 15% (n=35) of home pages. Gender differences were only observable in the inclusion of discussions of video games χ 2 (4, N = 239) = 21.53, p < .001. One-third (n=55, 33%) of the boys in this study referenced video games, compared to less than 5% (n=3) of the girls. Stylistic features. Organization/structure. No gender differences were observed in terms of how the home pages in this study were organized/structured. Regardless of their authors’ gender, the vast majority of home pages included a table of contents pages (n=172; 71%) and navigational features (n=163, 68%). On average, the personal home pages in the sample comprised approximately 6-10 internally linked pages, and external links were present on all but 8% of the home pages in the study. 20% (n=49) of the home pages used frames. Visual/audio. As with organization/structure, no significant gender differences in the inclusion of visuals or audio features were observable in the current study. The majority of home pages (n=162, 67%) had either an all dark or all white background. Almost all of the home pages included graphics and/or clip art (n=219, 91%), over a third of the home pages contained representations of characters (n=86; 36%), and more than half (n=140, 58%) contained flashing or moving images. More than a third (n=91, 38%) also included music on their page, and one-fifth (n=49, 20%) included downloadable sounds, images, or games. Feedback mechanisms. Gender differences were most striking in terms of the inclusion of guest books on the personal home pages χ 2 (2, N = 239) = 18.08, p < .001. More than two-thirds of the home

Authors: Stern, Susannah.
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Gender Differences 13
girls referenced their friends at similarly high rates, girls were significantly more likely to reference their
families (70%) and romantic relationships (30%) than were boys (respectively, 48%; 17%).
Interests. In general, significant gender differences were not apparent in most of the interests
represented on the adolescents’ home pages in this study. Both boys and girls referenced various media,
with music being the most frequent (38% of all home pages). School was referenced by more than half of
the home pages (n=155, 65%), and 76% (n=184) of the home pages references "other" hobbies. Sports
were referenced in 15% (n=35) of home pages. Gender differences were only observable in the inclusion
of discussions of video games
χ
2
(4, N = 239) = 21.53, p < .001. One-third (n=55, 33%) of the boys in
this study referenced video games, compared to less than 5% (n=3) of the girls.
Stylistic features.
Organization/structure. No gender differences were observed in terms of how the home pages in
this study were organized/structured. Regardless of their authors’ gender, the vast majority of home pages
included a table of contents pages (n=172; 71%) and navigational features (n=163, 68%). On average, the
personal home pages in the sample comprised approximately 6-10 internally linked pages, and external
links were present on all but 8% of the home pages in the study. 20% (n=49) of the home pages used
frames.
Visual/audio. As with organization/structure, no significant gender differences in the inclusion of
visuals or audio features were observable in the current study. The majority of home pages (n=162, 67%)
had either an all dark or all white background. Almost all of the home pages included graphics and/or
clip art (n=219, 91%), over a third of the home pages contained representations of characters (n=86;
36%), and more than half (n=140, 58%) contained flashing or moving images. More than a third (n=91,
38%) also included music on their page, and one-fifth (n=49, 20%) included downloadable sounds,
images, or games.
Feedback mechanisms. Gender differences were most striking in terms of the inclusion of guest
books on the personal home pages
χ
2
(2, N = 239) = 18.08, p < .001. More than two-thirds of the home


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