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Violent media content and aggressiveness in adolescents: A negative feedback-loop model
Unformatted Document Text:  A negative feedback-loop model page 17 We also note that the beta coefficients for the paths from violent media content use to aggressiveness (.18 and .13) are closely consistent with the correlation effect sizes found for longitudinal studies of media violence and aggression in the Anderson and Bushman (2002) meta-analysis. This consistency increases our confidence in these results. It should be noted that such a negative feedback-loop model is not limited to media effects. In fact, media effects are relatively subtle and modest in scope. A variety of other developmental processes might usefully be conceptualized in the same way, and may be much larger in terms of predictive impact on behavior. For example, association with alcohol-using peers may lead to subsequent alcohol use, which will in turn lead to greater and more exclusive association with alcohol-using peers in the future (Curran, Stice & Chassin, 1997). In addition, exploration of positive feedback-loops involving media, relationships with parents and mentors, constructive peer associations, outside structured activities and other communicative influences might also shed light on the direction and outcome of adolescent developmental trajectories. One aspect of a negative feedback-loop model for media effects is that it takes into account the volitional, active audience member that is the focus of uses and gratifications or selective exposure research, and incorporates this perspective in understanding media effects. In so doing, it addresses possible objections to media effects theorizing that ignores audience volition. Conversely, it also emphasizes how understanding audience volition can improve understanding of media effects. The negative feedback-loop model, then, also suggests that effects of media content which reinforces tendencies to anti-social attitudes and behavior should be most

Authors: Slater, Michael., Swaim, Randall. and Anderson, Lori.
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A negative feedback-loop model page 17
We also note that the beta coefficients for the paths from violent media content
use to aggressiveness (.18 and .13) are closely consistent with the correlation effect sizes
found for longitudinal studies of media violence and aggression in the Anderson and
Bushman (2002) meta-analysis. This consistency increases our confidence in these
results.
It should be noted that such a negative feedback-loop model is not limited to
media effects. In fact, media effects are relatively subtle and modest in scope. A variety
of other developmental processes might usefully be conceptualized in the same way, and
may be much larger in terms of predictive impact on behavior. For example, association
with alcohol-using peers may lead to subsequent alcohol use, which will in turn lead to
greater and more exclusive association with alcohol-using peers in the future (Curran,
Stice & Chassin, 1997). In addition, exploration of positive feedback-loops involving
media, relationships with parents and mentors, constructive peer associations, outside
structured activities and other communicative influences might also shed light on the
direction and outcome of adolescent developmental trajectories.
One aspect of a negative feedback-loop model for media effects is that it takes
into account the volitional, active audience member that is the focus of uses and
gratifications or selective exposure research, and incorporates this perspective in
understanding media effects. In so doing, it addresses possible objections to media
effects theorizing that ignores audience volition. Conversely, it also emphasizes how
understanding audience volition can improve understanding of media effects.
The negative feedback-loop model, then, also suggests that effects of media
content which reinforces tendencies to anti-social attitudes and behavior should be most


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