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Effects of General Presidential Campaigns on Voters, 1980-2000
Unformatted Document Text:  Presidential campaigns—20 Table 3. Relationship between issue knowledge and date of interview in general campaigns Party 1980 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000 Republican Candidate Democrat N .038 550 .001 709 -.018 634 -.102** 783 .059 585 .030 548 Republican N -.010 303 .013 511 .014 506 -.082* 549 .031 434 .056 385 Independent N -.013 481 -.035 671 .052 640 -.069* 843 .064 496 .103** 615 All N .008 1376 -.001 1941 .018 1825 -.082*** 2221 .035 1547 .064** 1586 Democratic Candidate Democrat N .031 550 .057 709 -.016 634 -.026 783 .077 585 .078 548 Republican N .010 303 -.005 511 .062 506 -.051 549 -.003 434 .062 385 Independent N .130** 481 -.045 671 .009 640 -.110*** 843 .005 496 .055 615 All N .060* 1376 .012 1941 .019 1825 -.064** 2221 .034 1547 .065** 1586 Combined Knowledge Democrat N .042 550 .032 709 -.019 634 -.078* 783 .078* 585 .060 548 Republican N .000 303 .004 511 .044 506 -.076 549 -.019 434 .065 385 Independent N .066 481 -.048 671 .035 640 -.109** 843 .046 496 .091* 615 All N .039 1376 .007 1941 .021 1825 -.087*** 2221 .041 1547 .073** 1586 Note: Within each cell, data are 1) partial correlation coefficients, and 2) sample size. Each correlation coefficient represents the association between issue knowledge and the day during the campaign the respondent was interviewed, controlling for age, gender, education, race, and household income. “All” N’s reflect total sample and include party responses other than those shown, including other parties, refusals, and don’t knows. * p < .05; ** p < .01; *** p < .001.

Authors: Leshner, Glenn., Benoit, William. and Hansen, Glenn.
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Presidential campaigns—20
Table 3. Relationship between issue knowledge and date of interview in general campaigns
Party
1980 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000
Republican Candidate
Democrat
N
.038
550
.001
709
-.018
634
-.102**
783
.059
585
.030
548
Republican
N
-.010
303
.013
511
.014
506
-.082*
549
.031
434
.056
385
Independent
N
-.013
481
-.035
671
.052
640
-.069*
843
.064
496
.103**
615
All
N
.008
1376
-.001
1941
.018
1825
-.082***
2221
.035
1547
.064**
1586
Democratic Candidate
Democrat
N
.031
550
.057
709
-.016
634
-.026
783
.077
585
.078
548
Republican
N
.010
303
-.005
511
.062
506
-.051
549
-.003
434
.062
385
Independent
N
.130**
481
-.045
671
.009
640
-.110***
843
.005
496
.055
615
All
N
.060*
1376
.012
1941
.019
1825
-.064**
2221
.034
1547
.065**
1586
Combined Knowledge
Democrat
N
.042
550
.032
709
-.019
634
-.078*
783
.078*
585
.060
548
Republican
N
.000
303
.004
511
.044
506
-.076
549
-.019
434
.065
385
Independent
N
.066
481
-.048
671
.035
640
-.109**
843
.046
496
.091*
615
All
N
.039
1376
.007
1941
.021
1825
-.087***
2221
.041
1547
.073**
1586
Note: Within each cell, data are 1) partial correlation coefficients, and 2) sample size. Each
correlation coefficient represents the association between issue knowledge and the day during the
campaign the respondent was interviewed, controlling for age, gender, education, race, and
household income. “All” N’s reflect total sample and include party responses other than those
shown, including other parties, refusals, and don’t knows. * p < .05; ** p < .01; *** p < .001.


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