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'Everyone in journalism steals from everyone else'. Routine reliance on other media in different stages of news production
Unformatted Document Text:  11 Time spent by journalists using other news media The typical political journalist in Germany spends four and a half hours per day using the classical media, meaning newspapers, magazine, radio and television programes (269 min). Although the simultaneous use of e.g. radio and newspapers is included here, this is an impressive proof of the importance of media use as a part of everyday journalistic work. On average, journalists devote about one and a half hours to the reading of daily newspapers (87 min) and they spend about one hour and 15 minutes each, watching television news programs (76 min) and listening to radio news (77 min). In addition, they devote about half an hour to national weeklies or magazines (29 min). Finally, political journalists surf the internet for about 45 minutes. One third of that time is spent using the web-pages of classical media (press, radio, TV) (Table 1). Table 1. Time spent by political journalists using other news media (per day) Questions: „How much time do you normally spend per day reading daily newspapers?“ „How much time doyou normally spend per week reading weekly newspapers and magazines?“, „How much time do younormally spend per day watching TV news or news magazine programs“, „How much time do you normallyspend per day listening to news or news magazine programs on the radio?“ „How much time do you normallyspend surfing the internet?“, „When you are surfing the internet, what is the share of web-pages fromclassical media (press, radio, TV)?“ Classical media Internet Daily papers Weeklies/ magazines TV Radio Total Classical media Total (n=284) (n=284) (n=284) (n=284) (n=284) (n=284) (n=284) % % % % % % % Time spent Not used - - 1 4 - 53 17 up to 30 minutes 6 65 24 38 - 42 51 30 minutes to 1 hour 35 27 38 29 1 3 18 1-2 hours 50 7 27 19 4 2 9 2-3 hours 9 x 6 5 19 1 3 3-4 hours 1 - 3 1 25 - 1 4-5 hours - - - 2 22 - 1 more than 5 hours - - 1 4 29 - - Total 101 100 100 100 100 101 100 Mean (minutes) 87 29 76 77 269 16 47 STD (minutes) 37 21 69 98 140 57 81 The data presented in Table 1 show that there are great differences in the time spans journalists devote to using other media. The total time devoted to the classical media varies between 39 minutes and more than five hours. Differences for the individual media are also considerable. For example, six percent of the journalists read newspapers for only up to 30 minutes per day. On the other hand, 10 percent of the journalists surveyed spent more than

Authors: Reinemann, Carsten.
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11
Time spent by journalists using other news media
The typical political journalist in Germany spends four and a half hours per day using the
classical media, meaning newspapers, magazine, radio and television programes (269 min).
Although the simultaneous use of e.g. radio and newspapers is included here, this is an
impressive proof of the importance of media use as a part of everyday journalistic work. On
average, journalists devote about one and a half hours to the reading of daily newspapers (87
min) and they spend about one hour and 15 minutes each, watching television news programs
(76 min) and listening to radio news (77 min). In addition, they devote about half an hour to
national weeklies or magazines (29 min). Finally, political journalists surf the internet for
about 45 minutes. One third of that time is spent using the web-pages of classical media
(press, radio, TV) (Table 1).
Table 1.
Time spent by political journalists using other news media (per day)
Questions: „How much time do you normally spend per day reading daily newspapers?“ „How much time do
you normally spend per week reading weekly newspapers and magazines?“, „How much time do you
normally spend per day watching TV news or news magazine programs“, „How much time do you normally
spend per day listening to news or news magazine programs on the radio?“ „How much time do you normally
spend surfing the internet?“, „When you are surfing the internet, what is the share of web-pages from
classical media (press, radio, TV)?“
Classical media
Internet
Daily
papers
Weeklies/
magazines
TV
Radio
Total
Classical
media
Total
(n=284)
(n=284)
(n=284)
(n=284)
(n=284)
(n=284)
(n=284)
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
Time spent
Not used
-
-
1
4
-
53
17
up to 30 minutes
6
65
24
38
-
42
51
30 minutes to 1 hour
35
27
38
29
1
3
18
1-2 hours
50
7
27
19
4
2
9
2-3 hours
9
x
6
5
19
1
3
3-4 hours
1
-
3
1
25
-
1
4-5 hours
-
-
-
2
22
-
1
more than 5 hours
-
-
1
4
29
-
-
Total
101
100
100
100
100
101
100
Mean (minutes)
87
29
76
77
269
16
47
STD (minutes)
37
21
69
98
140
57
81
The data presented in Table 1 show that there are great differences in the time spans
journalists devote to using other media. The total time devoted to the classical media varies
between 39 minutes and more than five hours. Differences for the individual media are also
considerable. For example, six percent of the journalists read newspapers for only up to 30
minutes per day. On the other hand, 10 percent of the journalists surveyed spent more than


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