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Jihad al Nikah: Women in ISIS and Boko Haram

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Abstract:

There has been widespread media interest in ‘Jihadi Brides’ and gender-based violence in the so-called Islamic State (IS). Blatantly, both ISIS and a Nigerian Islamist group that has sworn allegiance or Baya’a to them – Boko Haram -- have punctuated their violent territorial campaigns with the systematic abuse of women. In some conflicts, women have been segregated and differentiated based on ethnicity (Sunni women are treated differently than Shi’a or Yazidi women) whereas Boko Haram has tended to abuse Christian, Animist, and Muslim women about equally. This paper will explore Jihad al Nikah, both as a phenomenon comprised of women joining the Islamic State as “foreign fighters” i.e., "Jihadi Brides" (and the tactics used to recruit them) as well as the revived practice of sexual slavery and concubinage that has emerged in Syria and Iraq under ISIS’ control and in Nigeria in areas under Boko Haram’s control. In both instances gender based violence and the exploitation of women have provided incentives for male fighters to join the fray and remain with the organization. The paper examines women in their own words (blog postings, social media etc.) to determine what motivates them and explores how gender and identity are manipulated by violent extremist organizations.
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Association:
Name: American Political Science Association Annual Meeting
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http://www.apsanet.org


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1126802_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Bloom, Mia. "Jihad al Nikah: Women in ISIS and Boko Haram" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, TBA, Philadelphia, PA, Sep 01, 2016 <Not Available>. 2017-11-28 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1126802_index.html>

APA Citation:

Bloom, M. M. , 2016-09-01 "Jihad al Nikah: Women in ISIS and Boko Haram" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, TBA, Philadelphia, PA <Not Available>. 2017-11-28 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1126802_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: There has been widespread media interest in ‘Jihadi Brides’ and gender-based violence in the so-called Islamic State (IS). Blatantly, both ISIS and a Nigerian Islamist group that has sworn allegiance or Baya’a to them – Boko Haram -- have punctuated their violent territorial campaigns with the systematic abuse of women. In some conflicts, women have been segregated and differentiated based on ethnicity (Sunni women are treated differently than Shi’a or Yazidi women) whereas Boko Haram has tended to abuse Christian, Animist, and Muslim women about equally. This paper will explore Jihad al Nikah, both as a phenomenon comprised of women joining the Islamic State as “foreign fighters” i.e., "Jihadi Brides" (and the tactics used to recruit them) as well as the revived practice of sexual slavery and concubinage that has emerged in Syria and Iraq under ISIS’ control and in Nigeria in areas under Boko Haram’s control. In both instances gender based violence and the exploitation of women have provided incentives for male fighters to join the fray and remain with the organization. The paper examines women in their own words (blog postings, social media etc.) to determine what motivates them and explores how gender and identity are manipulated by violent extremist organizations.


Similar Titles:
“Discipline vs. Dissent? Submission, Agency, and Women’s Jihad in Bangladesh”

Boko Haram issue in subsaharian Africa : from insurgency to terrorism

Boko Haram and the new crisis of terroristic threats in Africa: Assessing options to vitiate the menace.

Boko Haram Insurgency: The nexus between the Chibok Girls Kidnap and 2015 Elections in Nigeria


 
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