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Political Communication among Advocacy Group, Government and International Institute: Campaign of Human Rights Nongovernmental Organization on “Comfort Women” Issue in East Asia

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Abstract:

This study examines the process and effects of human rights nongovernmental organizations’ (NGOs) campaigns on “comfort women” issue in East Asia. Through the perspective of political communication and campaign, this study explores NGOs organized efforts to force the issue on to the political agenda and further lead the realization of justice and compensation for comfort women’s survivors.
The study begins with a review of this issue. I then theoretically specify various strategies and campaigns conducted by comfort women’s NGOs, with a focus on a leading NGO - the Korean Council For The Women Drafted For Military Sexual Slavery By Japan. I further assume that three main actors involve in the issue: comfort women NGOs; Japanese government; and the United Nations (UN). In terms of linkages, the dynamic process of communication and interactions between them is a crucial factor in influencing this issue. This linkage takes a main form as NGO’s promotion and networking in the UN system, and it presses the Japanese government to face the issue by participating the political communication. Finally, I widely examine the emerging transnational NGOs networks on this issue in East Asia and assess the effects of their campaigns on governmental and international levels.
The findings support four arguments. First, the Japanese government is being forced to change its original discourse of official denial and cover-up policy to approach the demands offered by comfort women’s NGOs. Second, the human rights movement relies on popular awareness and consciousness toward human rights issues in civil societies. Hence, through political communication and campaign, NGOs can be the key role to promote this issue in civil societies and further form a transnational activism around East Asia and the international community. Third, a significant NGO can greatly influence the Japanese governments’ position and create conditions in which international campaign in the UN can become more effective. Fourth, I suggest that further research needs to conduct process-oriented empirical analysis of a specific case within a research framework to establish the exact influence of NGOs on the human rights issues. I conclude that comfort women’s NGOs has established a successful model for the transnational advocacy networks in human rights movement through political communication. They have also promoted a new claim for women’s rights in East Asia.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

women (195), japanes (132), comfort (119), govern (107), issu (84), japan (80), war (64), right (61), ngos (58), human (55), sexual (54), militari (54), korean (51), slaveri (48), intern (44), asian (41), council (40), 1996 (38), un (38), world (33), respons (32),

Author's Keywords:

Political communication; UN; NGOs; Comfort Women; Japan; Human Roghts
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MLA Citation:

Chou, Chih-Chieh. "Political Communication among Advocacy Group, Government and International Institute: Campaign of Human Rights Nongovernmental Organization on “Comfort Women” Issue in East Asia" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, New Orleans Sheraton, New Orleans, LA, May 27, 2004 <Not Available>. 2009-05-26 <http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p112763_index.html>

APA Citation:

Chou, C. , 2004-05-27 "Political Communication among Advocacy Group, Government and International Institute: Campaign of Human Rights Nongovernmental Organization on “Comfort Women” Issue in East Asia" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, New Orleans Sheraton, New Orleans, LA Online <.PDF>. 2009-05-26 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p112763_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This study examines the process and effects of human rights nongovernmental organizations’ (NGOs) campaigns on “comfort women” issue in East Asia. Through the perspective of political communication and campaign, this study explores NGOs organized efforts to force the issue on to the political agenda and further lead the realization of justice and compensation for comfort women’s survivors.
The study begins with a review of this issue. I then theoretically specify various strategies and campaigns conducted by comfort women’s NGOs, with a focus on a leading NGO - the Korean Council For The Women Drafted For Military Sexual Slavery By Japan. I further assume that three main actors involve in the issue: comfort women NGOs; Japanese government; and the United Nations (UN). In terms of linkages, the dynamic process of communication and interactions between them is a crucial factor in influencing this issue. This linkage takes a main form as NGO’s promotion and networking in the UN system, and it presses the Japanese government to face the issue by participating the political communication. Finally, I widely examine the emerging transnational NGOs networks on this issue in East Asia and assess the effects of their campaigns on governmental and international levels.
The findings support four arguments. First, the Japanese government is being forced to change its original discourse of official denial and cover-up policy to approach the demands offered by comfort women’s NGOs. Second, the human rights movement relies on popular awareness and consciousness toward human rights issues in civil societies. Hence, through political communication and campaign, NGOs can be the key role to promote this issue in civil societies and further form a transnational activism around East Asia and the international community. Third, a significant NGO can greatly influence the Japanese governments’ position and create conditions in which international campaign in the UN can become more effective. Fourth, I suggest that further research needs to conduct process-oriented empirical analysis of a specific case within a research framework to establish the exact influence of NGOs on the human rights issues. I conclude that comfort women’s NGOs has established a successful model for the transnational advocacy networks in human rights movement through political communication. They have also promoted a new claim for women’s rights in East Asia.

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Document Type: .PDF
Page count: 23
Word count: 9597
Text sample:
Political Communication among Advocacy Group Government and International Institute: Campaign of Human Rights Nongovernmental Organization on “Comfort Women” Issue in East Asia Tracking Number: ICA_6_10618a INTRODUCTION One of the important developments in today’s global transformation has been the rise of a global network of issue-oriented non-governmental organizations (NGOs) whose capacity for political activism transcends national boundaries. Sometimes called ‘transnational advocacy networks’ (Keck and Sikkink 1998) these transnational networks of activists seek to make claims against existing authorities’ policies and
Jung-Ok. (1998). Welcomes Address. Speech for the 5th Asian Women Solidarity Conference Seoul South Korea. Yoshiaki Yoshimi. (1995). Comfort Women: Sexual Slavery in the Japanese Military During World War II. NY: Columbia University Press. Yu Tong. (1995)."Reparations for former comfort women of World War II." Harvard International Law Journal 36:2(Spring) pp.528-540. Yun Chung-Ok. (1995). Why the Issue of Military Sexual Slavery by Japan Has Remind Unresolved for 50 Years? Paper for the 3rd Asian Women Solidarity Conference Seoul South


Similar Titles:
Issue: The Rhetorical Ambivalence of Japanese Government’s Remembrance of Comfort Women during World War II

Remembering the 'Comfort Women': The Collective Memory of Sexual Slavery by the Japanese Military

Japanese Military Sexual Slavery as Unresolved Issue of Human Rights Violation in East Asia

The Impact of International Human Rights Law on Contemporary Social Movements: The Case of Korean Residents in Japan


 
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