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Globalization and heterogenization: cultural and civilizational clustering in telecommunicative space (1989-1999)
Unformatted Document Text:  RUNNING HEAD: Globalization and heterogenization 20 except for the Arabic speaking areal, consistently higher than those for 1989. The systematic tendency among nations that are similar culturally to become more tightly enmeshed in telecommunicative space with each other can be interpreted as a tendency to heterogenization. Tables 3-10 add detail and confirm this picture by listing, for each linguistic and civilizational areal, the countries that were most likely to be surrounded by nations similar to them and their local Moran’s I scores. Figure 2 summarizes the increase in average cluster LISA values, across years, for each cultural and civilizational areal. In general, the trend is again one of increased clustering. Values increase for all, except one, areal (Protestant) being more pronounced for the cultural, than for civilizational areals. The most significant increases were those for the Buddhist-Hindu, French and Spanish areals. However, we also notice that the degree of local clustering was relatively stable for the Catholic and Islamic areals. In addition to the LISA indicator, attention should be paid to changes in cluster composition over time. Identifying what nations have joined “the most clustered group” in 1999 is of particular importance, since these are the nations that, during the 1990s, became closer to their cultural peers than before. Looking at each cluster in part, we notice interesting composition changes. For example, the United States joins the English-speaking cluster in 1999, indicating that America was more likely to be surrounded by English-speaking nations in 1999 than in 1989 (Table 3). This finding can also support the idea of heterogenization, as we will argue in the discussion section.

Authors: Matei, Sorin.
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RUNNING HEAD: Globalization and heterogenization
20
except for the Arabic speaking areal, consistently higher than those for 1989. The
systematic tendency among nations that are similar culturally to become more tightly
enmeshed in telecommunicative space with each other can be interpreted as a tendency
to heterogenization.
Tables 3-10 add detail and confirm this picture by listing, for each linguistic and
civilizational areal, the countries that were most likely to be surrounded by nations
similar to them and their local Moran’s I scores. Figure 2 summarizes the increase in
average cluster LISA values, across years, for each cultural and civilizational areal.
In general, the trend is again one of increased clustering. Values increase for all,
except one, areal (Protestant) being more pronounced for the cultural, than for
civilizational areals. The most significant increases were those for the Buddhist-Hindu,
French and Spanish areals. However, we also notice that the degree of local clustering
was relatively stable for the Catholic and Islamic areals.
In addition to the LISA indicator, attention should be paid to changes in cluster
composition over time. Identifying what nations have joined “the most clustered
group” in 1999 is of particular importance, since these are the nations that, during the
1990s, became closer to their cultural peers than before.
Looking at each cluster in part, we notice interesting composition changes. For
example, the United States joins the English-speaking cluster in 1999, indicating that
America was more likely to be surrounded by English-speaking nations in 1999 than in
1989 (Table 3). This finding can also support the idea of heterogenization, as we will
argue in the discussion section.


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