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Effective Computer Text Design to Enhance Readers’ Recall
Unformatted Document Text:  Effective Computer Text Design to Enhance Recall 12 Therefore, in this exploratory study, these content types, as we defined here, were tested in relation to the text format effects on individuals’ recall performance based on their working memory capacity: Research Hypotheses Based on previous findings on effective computer text design, it is assumed that working memory capacity is closely associated with individuals’ recall ability across various hypertext formats. However, the effects of computer text formats may be mediated by article content types and in turn affecting individuals with different levels of working memory capacity differently. Given this, the following hypotheses were investigated in this study: H1: For the content type of Blocked constructs, participants reading from the scrolling text will have higher recall scores than those reading identical information from the paged hypertext regardless of their working memory capacity. H2: For the content type of Ordered Constructs, participants with low working memory capacity in the scrolling condition text will remember better than those who read the same information in the paged hypertext condition while those with high working memory capacity will not exhibit any differences. H3: For the content type of Detail Layered Constructs, regardless of their working memory capacity, participants in the scrolling text condition will remember better than those who read the same information in the paged text condition. Methods This study investigated the effects of different computer text formats on the participants’ recall performance of three given articles. The experiment was an

Authors: Lee, Moon., Xie, Guangxin. and Tedder, Matthew.
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Effective Computer Text Design to Enhance Recall
12
Therefore, in this exploratory study, these content types, as we defined here, were
tested in relation to the text format effects on individuals’ recall performance based on
their working memory capacity:
Research Hypotheses
Based on previous findings on effective computer text design, it is assumed that
working memory capacity is closely associated with individuals’ recall ability across
various hypertext formats. However, the effects of computer text formats may be
mediated by article content types and in turn affecting individuals with different levels of
working memory capacity differently. Given this, the following hypotheses were
investigated in this study:
H1: For the content type of Blocked constructs, participants reading from the
scrolling text will have higher recall scores than those reading identical information from
the paged hypertext regardless of their working memory capacity.
H2: For the content type of Ordered Constructs, participants with low working
memory capacity in the scrolling condition text will remember better than those who read
the same information in the paged hypertext condition while those with high working
memory capacity will not exhibit any differences.
H3: For the content type of Detail Layered Constructs, regardless of their working
memory capacity, participants in the scrolling text condition will remember better than
those who read the same information in the paged text condition.
Methods
This study investigated the effects of different computer text formats on the
participants’ recall performance of three given articles. The experiment was an


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