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Interview Mode Effects in NLSY97 Round 4 and Round 5

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Abstract:

The incidence of telephone interviewing has been increasing in successive rounds of NLSY97. There are concerns about the accuracy of responses to sensitive questions when the interview is conducted by telephone compared to when these questions are self-administered as part of an in-person interview. This study explores the impact of interview mode on respondentsí willingness to reveal sensitive information in NLSY97 round 4 and round 5. The dependent measures for this study include sex behavior, smoking, drug use, destroying, stealing, attacking and arrest. Within each round, controlling for the differences in demographic characteristics, respondents tend to underreport negative behaviors on most SAQ items when interviews are conducted by telephone. They are also less willing to respond to these sensitive questions, resulting in more missing data. We also linked the two rounds together by looking at how individual respondents responded to the same questions in round 4 and round 5. The results show that for respondents who did not switch interview mode across rounds, the distributions of response differences do not differ much regardless of whether the interviews were conducted consistently in-person or by phone. If the respondents did switch interview modes across rounds, the distribution of response differences are significantly different for some sensitive items, depending on whether the switch is from in-person to phone or the other way round. This evidence also supports the existence of interview mode effects.

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NLSY97 Interview Mode Effects
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Name: American Association for Public Opinion Research
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http://www.aapor.org


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MLA Citation:

Wang, Yongyi. and Krishnamurty, Parvati. "Interview Mode Effects in NLSY97 Round 4 and Round 5" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for Public Opinion Research, Pointe Hilton Tapatio Cliffs, Phoenix, Arizona, May 11, 2004 <Not Available>. 2009-05-26 <http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p115887_index.html>

APA Citation:

Wang, Y. and Krishnamurty, P. , 2004-05-11 "Interview Mode Effects in NLSY97 Round 4 and Round 5" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for Public Opinion Research, Pointe Hilton Tapatio Cliffs, Phoenix, Arizona <Not Available>. 2009-05-26 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p115887_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The incidence of telephone interviewing has been increasing in successive rounds of NLSY97. There are concerns about the accuracy of responses to sensitive questions when the interview is conducted by telephone compared to when these questions are self-administered as part of an in-person interview. This study explores the impact of interview mode on respondentsí willingness to reveal sensitive information in NLSY97 round 4 and round 5. The dependent measures for this study include sex behavior, smoking, drug use, destroying, stealing, attacking and arrest. Within each round, controlling for the differences in demographic characteristics, respondents tend to underreport negative behaviors on most SAQ items when interviews are conducted by telephone. They are also less willing to respond to these sensitive questions, resulting in more missing data. We also linked the two rounds together by looking at how individual respondents responded to the same questions in round 4 and round 5. The results show that for respondents who did not switch interview mode across rounds, the distributions of response differences do not differ much regardless of whether the interviews were conducted consistently in-person or by phone. If the respondents did switch interview modes across rounds, the distribution of response differences are significantly different for some sensitive items, depending on whether the switch is from in-person to phone or the other way round. This evidence also supports the existence of interview mode effects.

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