Citation

The Business of Plastic Six-Pack Rings

Abstract | Word Stems | Keywords | Association | Citation | Similar Titles



Abstract:

First developed by the Conex Division of Illinois Tool Works (ITW) in 1960, the “Hi-Cone” plastic six-pack carrier was designed as a more efficient packaging option for beer and soft-drink producers. Indeed, the plastic six-pack ring was seen as a solution to a waste system taxed by bulky packing systems. The plastic six-pack ring was small, nearly weightless, clean, efficient, and cost effective.

By the early 1970s, however, plastic yokes were being criticized as an environmental hazard. Images of deformed sea turtles or dead fish trapped within the unyielding grip of the plastic yokes exposed the consequences of modern packaging and the global flow of waste. In response, by 1975, ITW Hi-Cone chemists began experimenting with photodegradable six-ring carriers, creating new plastics that broke down into smaller and smaller pieces with exposure to the sun. While this innovation attempted to mitigate the immediate problem of animal entanglement, it did not address the larger question of plastics entering into the waste stream as a matter of design.

As such, the story of the Hi-Cone six-pack ring opens up a series of questions to consider the history of waste, environmental protection, and the role of corporations in creating technologies for a more sustainable world. Drawing on corporate and government documents, this paper will explore the history of plastic six-pack rings to investigate the emergence of corporate environmentalism in the late 20th century.
Convention
Convention is an application service for managing large or small academic conferences, annual meetings, and other types of events!
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

Association:
Name: ASEH Annual Conference
URL:
http://aseh.net


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1168582_index.html
Direct Link:
HTML Code:

MLA Citation:

Kinkela, David. "The Business of Plastic Six-Pack Rings" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASEH Annual Conference, Drake Hotel, Chicago, IL, <Not Available>. 2018-01-10 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1168582_index.html>

APA Citation:

Kinkela, D. "The Business of Plastic Six-Pack Rings" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASEH Annual Conference, Drake Hotel, Chicago, IL <Not Available>. 2018-01-10 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1168582_index.html

Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: First developed by the Conex Division of Illinois Tool Works (ITW) in 1960, the “Hi-Cone” plastic six-pack carrier was designed as a more efficient packaging option for beer and soft-drink producers. Indeed, the plastic six-pack ring was seen as a solution to a waste system taxed by bulky packing systems. The plastic six-pack ring was small, nearly weightless, clean, efficient, and cost effective.

By the early 1970s, however, plastic yokes were being criticized as an environmental hazard. Images of deformed sea turtles or dead fish trapped within the unyielding grip of the plastic yokes exposed the consequences of modern packaging and the global flow of waste. In response, by 1975, ITW Hi-Cone chemists began experimenting with photodegradable six-ring carriers, creating new plastics that broke down into smaller and smaller pieces with exposure to the sun. While this innovation attempted to mitigate the immediate problem of animal entanglement, it did not address the larger question of plastics entering into the waste stream as a matter of design.

As such, the story of the Hi-Cone six-pack ring opens up a series of questions to consider the history of waste, environmental protection, and the role of corporations in creating technologies for a more sustainable world. Drawing on corporate and government documents, this paper will explore the history of plastic six-pack rings to investigate the emergence of corporate environmentalism in the late 20th century.


Similar Titles:
Business Talking to Business: Challenging Organizational Communication Research Regarding Business-to­‐Business-Communication

Raising business intercultural awareness among Puerto Rican business students: preparing future business people to adapt to international business settings- exploratory phase

The War of the Brands: Domestic versus International Plastic Cards in Six Postcommunist Countries.


 
All Academic, Inc. is your premier source for research and conference management. Visit our website, www.allacademic.com, to see how we can help you today.