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Development and Construct Validation of a Scale to Measure Pharmacy Academicians’ Job Satisfaction

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Abstract:

Objective: To develop and purify a measure of pharmacy academicians’ job satisfaction and identify the underlying structure governing their satisfaction attitudes. Methods: An electronic survey was delivered via email to all 4,225 US pharmacy faculty comprising AACP’s 2004-2005 Roster of Faculty & Professional Staff. The initial invitation in August 2005 was followed by two email reminders spaced approximately three weeks apart. Valid responses were obtained from 885 faculty (20.95%). The survey contained 25 items representing various aspects of a pharmacy academician’s job. The items were generated from a thorough review of the literature and a modified Delphi procedure involving 20 faculty. The responses were subjected to an exploratory principal components analysis in addition to an examination of Cronbach’s alpha reliability coefficients and item-to-total correlations for each domain. Results: Principal components analysis revealed a six-factor solution explaining 62.35% of the variation in satisfaction and comprising the following domains: support for scholarship, institutional support and reward, requirements for promotion and tenure, graduate program issues, collegiality, and teaching quality and autonomy. Cronbach’s alpha reliabilities ranged from 0.67 to 0.83 for each domain. Convergent validity was evidenced by higher correlations with organizational commitment (r = 0.64) and dean support (r = 0.57), while discriminant validity was observed through weaker correlations with stress (r = -0.20) and teaching self-efficacy (r = 0.10). Implications: A multi-dimensional measure of pharmacy academician job satisfaction exhibited excellent construct validity and reliability. The measure can be used to observe the effect of interventions designed to boost faculty morale.
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Association:
Name: American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy
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http://www.aacp.org


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p117874_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Conklin, Mark. and Desselle, Shane. "Development and Construct Validation of a Scale to Measure Pharmacy Academicians’ Job Satisfaction" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy, Sheraton San Diego Hotel & Marina, San Diego, California, USA, Jul 05, 2006 <Not Available>. 2013-12-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p117874_index.html>

APA Citation:

Conklin, M. H. and Desselle, S. , 2006-07-05 "Development and Construct Validation of a Scale to Measure Pharmacy Academicians’ Job Satisfaction" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy, Sheraton San Diego Hotel & Marina, San Diego, California, USA <Not Available>. 2013-12-16 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p117874_index.html

Publication Type: Abstract
Abstract: Objective: To develop and purify a measure of pharmacy academicians’ job satisfaction and identify the underlying structure governing their satisfaction attitudes. Methods: An electronic survey was delivered via email to all 4,225 US pharmacy faculty comprising AACP’s 2004-2005 Roster of Faculty & Professional Staff. The initial invitation in August 2005 was followed by two email reminders spaced approximately three weeks apart. Valid responses were obtained from 885 faculty (20.95%). The survey contained 25 items representing various aspects of a pharmacy academician’s job. The items were generated from a thorough review of the literature and a modified Delphi procedure involving 20 faculty. The responses were subjected to an exploratory principal components analysis in addition to an examination of Cronbach’s alpha reliability coefficients and item-to-total correlations for each domain. Results: Principal components analysis revealed a six-factor solution explaining 62.35% of the variation in satisfaction and comprising the following domains: support for scholarship, institutional support and reward, requirements for promotion and tenure, graduate program issues, collegiality, and teaching quality and autonomy. Cronbach’s alpha reliabilities ranged from 0.67 to 0.83 for each domain. Convergent validity was evidenced by higher correlations with organizational commitment (r = 0.64) and dean support (r = 0.57), while discriminant validity was observed through weaker correlations with stress (r = -0.20) and teaching self-efficacy (r = 0.10). Implications: A multi-dimensional measure of pharmacy academician job satisfaction exhibited excellent construct validity and reliability. The measure can be used to observe the effect of interventions designed to boost faculty morale.

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