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Comparison of 1:1 versus 1:2 Preceptor/Student (P/S) Ratios on Advanced Practice Experience (APE)

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Abstract:

Background: Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education recently proposed an optimal P/S ratio of 1:1 on APEs. Intuitively, such a ratio enables an optimal learning environment; however, objective evidence to support this 1:1 ratio is lacking. The objective of this study is to compare the preceptor and student evaluations of 1:1 vs. 1:2 P/S ratios on APE.

Methods: IRB approval was obtained. Clerkship records of students assigned to full-time faculty preceptors between August 2003 and December 2005 were reviewed to identify cases and controls. Cases were identified as a sole student assigned to the preceptor (P/S 1:1) and controls as students assigned to the same preceptor/rotation with P/S of 1:2. Further, cases and controls were matched for program (accelerated vs traditional) and timing of rotation (+/- 3 modules apart from case). The primary outcome measure was the student and preceptor evaluation; numeric data were compared using non-parametric tests. Written comments specific to the presence/absence of an additional student were evaluated for a preference of P/S 1:1 or 1:2.

Results: Twenty –two case/control pairs of students assigned to 15 preceptors were identified. Comparison of 33 student and 20 preceptor numeric evaluation items demonstrated no differences (p > 0.14). Five students (3 cases, 2 controls) and 5 preceptors (3 cases, 2 controls) offered comment; of students, 3 preferred 1:2, and 2 preferred 1:1; of preceptors, 2 preferred 1:2 and 3 were neutral.

Implications: This small sample shows no difference in student or preceptor evaluations with respect to P/S ratios of 1:1 or 1:2.
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Association:
Name: American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy
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http://www.aacp.org


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p117905_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Briceland, Laurie. and Hamilton, Robert. "Comparison of 1:1 versus 1:2 Preceptor/Student (P/S) Ratios on Advanced Practice Experience (APE)" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy, Sheraton San Diego Hotel & Marina, San Diego, California, USA, Jul 05, 2006 <Not Available>. 2013-12-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p117905_index.html>

APA Citation:

Briceland, L. and Hamilton, R. A. , 2006-07-05 "Comparison of 1:1 versus 1:2 Preceptor/Student (P/S) Ratios on Advanced Practice Experience (APE)" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy, Sheraton San Diego Hotel & Marina, San Diego, California, USA <Not Available>. 2013-12-16 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p117905_index.html

Publication Type: Abstract
Abstract: Background: Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education recently proposed an optimal P/S ratio of 1:1 on APEs. Intuitively, such a ratio enables an optimal learning environment; however, objective evidence to support this 1:1 ratio is lacking. The objective of this study is to compare the preceptor and student evaluations of 1:1 vs. 1:2 P/S ratios on APE.

Methods: IRB approval was obtained. Clerkship records of students assigned to full-time faculty preceptors between August 2003 and December 2005 were reviewed to identify cases and controls. Cases were identified as a sole student assigned to the preceptor (P/S 1:1) and controls as students assigned to the same preceptor/rotation with P/S of 1:2. Further, cases and controls were matched for program (accelerated vs traditional) and timing of rotation (+/- 3 modules apart from case). The primary outcome measure was the student and preceptor evaluation; numeric data were compared using non-parametric tests. Written comments specific to the presence/absence of an additional student were evaluated for a preference of P/S 1:1 or 1:2.

Results: Twenty –two case/control pairs of students assigned to 15 preceptors were identified. Comparison of 33 student and 20 preceptor numeric evaluation items demonstrated no differences (p > 0.14). Five students (3 cases, 2 controls) and 5 preceptors (3 cases, 2 controls) offered comment; of students, 3 preferred 1:2, and 2 preferred 1:1; of preceptors, 2 preferred 1:2 and 3 were neutral.

Implications: This small sample shows no difference in student or preceptor evaluations with respect to P/S ratios of 1:1 or 1:2.

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