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A Comparison of Two Student Groups Using Chronic Disease Role Play Assignments to Develop Empathy for Patients

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Abstract:

Objective: To create active learning assignments for an advanced OTC elective course that would develop students’ empathy for patients by role playing the daily challenges faced by patients with chronic diseases.

Methods: Students who were enrolled in the elective course, Advanced Non-Prescription (OTC) Drugs, in two different semesters completed six one-week assignments in which each student simulated a chronic disease patient. At the beginning and end of the semester, each student completed a survey regarding their attitudes toward patients with chronic diseases and their understanding of the impact a pharmacist can have on patients’ therapeutic outcomes. The chronic diseases included: diabetes mellitus (DM) type I and type II, hypertension, asthma, allergies and deep venous thrombosis. As appropriate to the disease state, students received instructions and supplies for each role play assignment. Evidence of the impact of the assignments was a reflective journal created by each student and participation in class discussions.

Results: The first class had an enrollment of 5 students, 4 of which actively participated in the assignments. The second class had an enrollment of 10 students. Pre and post test surveys are being complied and will be available at the poster session.

Implications: Young and healthy students may not realize how a chronic disease impacts a patients’ quality of life. Using a role play assignment may provide students with a more comprehensive, emotional understanding of the patient perspective than that achieved by standard teaching methods.
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Association:
Name: American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy
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http://www.aacp.org


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p117933_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Wuller, Cynthia., Petersen, Nicole. and Rhinard, Ellen. "A Comparison of Two Student Groups Using Chronic Disease Role Play Assignments to Develop Empathy for Patients" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy, Sheraton San Diego Hotel & Marina, San Diego, California, USA, Jul 05, 2006 <Not Available>. 2013-12-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p117933_index.html>

APA Citation:

Wuller, C. A., Petersen, N. M. and Rhinard, E. E. , 2006-07-05 "A Comparison of Two Student Groups Using Chronic Disease Role Play Assignments to Develop Empathy for Patients" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy, Sheraton San Diego Hotel & Marina, San Diego, California, USA <Not Available>. 2013-12-16 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p117933_index.html

Publication Type: Abstract
Abstract: Objective: To create active learning assignments for an advanced OTC elective course that would develop students’ empathy for patients by role playing the daily challenges faced by patients with chronic diseases.

Methods: Students who were enrolled in the elective course, Advanced Non-Prescription (OTC) Drugs, in two different semesters completed six one-week assignments in which each student simulated a chronic disease patient. At the beginning and end of the semester, each student completed a survey regarding their attitudes toward patients with chronic diseases and their understanding of the impact a pharmacist can have on patients’ therapeutic outcomes. The chronic diseases included: diabetes mellitus (DM) type I and type II, hypertension, asthma, allergies and deep venous thrombosis. As appropriate to the disease state, students received instructions and supplies for each role play assignment. Evidence of the impact of the assignments was a reflective journal created by each student and participation in class discussions.

Results: The first class had an enrollment of 5 students, 4 of which actively participated in the assignments. The second class had an enrollment of 10 students. Pre and post test surveys are being complied and will be available at the poster session.

Implications: Young and healthy students may not realize how a chronic disease impacts a patients’ quality of life. Using a role play assignment may provide students with a more comprehensive, emotional understanding of the patient perspective than that achieved by standard teaching methods.

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