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Student Opinion Regarding the Importance of Student to Preceptor Ratio

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Abstract:

Objective: To determine if students consider student-preceptor ratio an important indicator of advanced practice experience (APE) quality.
Method: An online survey was developed and emailed to students midyear through the fourth professional year. The survey included questions relating to student-to-preceptor ratio, activities that facilitated learning, and features of the APE that determined quality.
Results/Outcomes: The survey response rate was 61.5% (N=99/161). Eighty-four percent of respondents reported that they had completed at least one APE at each of the student-preceptor ratios. The preferred ratio was 2:1 (52.5% of respondents), followed by 3:1 (31.3%), and 1:1 (16.1%). Students reported that the most important factor in determining APE quality was contact time with the preceptor, followed by APE workload and future career goals (i.e. if they expected to practice in the area of the APE). Most valuable activities were formal case discussions and opportunities for presentations.
Implications: In 2005, ACPE released the 2006 draft accreditation standards which prescribed a student-to-preceptor ratio of 2:1, preferably 1:1. Significant concern has been raised about this requirement and whether evidence supports a specific ratio. This survey found that students preferred the 2:1 ratio, in agreement with the ACPE-proposed standard, although a 3:1 ratio was preferred over 1:1. Preceptor contact time may be more important than ratio, as this was identified by students as the most important indicator of APE quality.
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Association:
Name: American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy
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http://www.aacp.org


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p118413_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Pfeiffer, Constance. and Woodward, Donald. "Student Opinion Regarding the Importance of Student to Preceptor Ratio" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy, Sheraton San Diego Hotel & Marina, San Diego, California, USA, Jul 05, 2006 <Not Available>. 2013-12-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p118413_index.html>

APA Citation:

Pfeiffer, C. M. and Woodward, D. K. , 2006-07-05 "Student Opinion Regarding the Importance of Student to Preceptor Ratio" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy, Sheraton San Diego Hotel & Marina, San Diego, California, USA <Not Available>. 2013-12-16 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p118413_index.html

Publication Type: Abstract
Abstract: Objective: To determine if students consider student-preceptor ratio an important indicator of advanced practice experience (APE) quality.
Method: An online survey was developed and emailed to students midyear through the fourth professional year. The survey included questions relating to student-to-preceptor ratio, activities that facilitated learning, and features of the APE that determined quality.
Results/Outcomes: The survey response rate was 61.5% (N=99/161). Eighty-four percent of respondents reported that they had completed at least one APE at each of the student-preceptor ratios. The preferred ratio was 2:1 (52.5% of respondents), followed by 3:1 (31.3%), and 1:1 (16.1%). Students reported that the most important factor in determining APE quality was contact time with the preceptor, followed by APE workload and future career goals (i.e. if they expected to practice in the area of the APE). Most valuable activities were formal case discussions and opportunities for presentations.
Implications: In 2005, ACPE released the 2006 draft accreditation standards which prescribed a student-to-preceptor ratio of 2:1, preferably 1:1. Significant concern has been raised about this requirement and whether evidence supports a specific ratio. This survey found that students preferred the 2:1 ratio, in agreement with the ACPE-proposed standard, although a 3:1 ratio was preferred over 1:1. Preceptor contact time may be more important than ratio, as this was identified by students as the most important indicator of APE quality.

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