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Adolescents’ Perceptions of Monitoring and Supervision in Patriarchal and Non-Patriarchal Households

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Abstract:

Changes toward less patriarchal family systems in the United States have been theorized to have several implications for the socialization of adolescent children (See Hagan et al. 1987; Vander Ven, Cullen, Carrozza, & Wright, 2001; Singer, 2001). Drawing on the work of Giddens (1991), Singer (2001) argues that the shift away from traditional, patriarchal households toward modern, egalitarian households is correlated with a shift in parental child-rearing towards attitudes which emphasize autonomy, self-reliance and independence. Moreover, Hagan et al. (1987) theorize that modern, egalitarian households are more likely to redistribute their control efforts so that daughters and sons are subject to equal parental control, and consequently, little gender difference in delinquency.

In this qualitative study, I conducted in-depth interviews with 25 adolescents from patriarchal and non-patriarchal households. In contrast to the perceptions of adolescents in patriarchal households, I found that fathers in modern, egalitarian households were more likely to share in the day-to-day caretaking and supervision of their adolescent children. But despite this difference, the adolescents in non-patriarchal households still perceived their mother to be the primary caretaker. Thus, I argue that this finding suggests a cultural lag. Furthermore, confirming Singer's (2001) expectation, I also found that parents in non-patriarchal households were less likely to initiate efforts to actively track adolescents' whereabouts and activities. However, I also found that low levels of parental supervision, especially in the case of single-parent households, were related to structural factors, in addition to the relative position of parents' position in the workplace.
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Name: American Society of Criminology (ASC)
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http://www.asc41.com


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p127303_index.html
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MLA Citation:

McCorry, Timothy. "Adolescents’ Perceptions of Monitoring and Supervision in Patriarchal and Non-Patriarchal Households" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology (ASC), Los Angeles Convention Center, Los Angeles, CA, Nov 01, 2006 <Not Available>. 2013-12-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p127303_index.html>

APA Citation:

McCorry, T. , 2006-11-01 "Adolescents’ Perceptions of Monitoring and Supervision in Patriarchal and Non-Patriarchal Households" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology (ASC), Los Angeles Convention Center, Los Angeles, CA <Not Available>. 2013-12-16 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p127303_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Changes toward less patriarchal family systems in the United States have been theorized to have several implications for the socialization of adolescent children (See Hagan et al. 1987; Vander Ven, Cullen, Carrozza, & Wright, 2001; Singer, 2001). Drawing on the work of Giddens (1991), Singer (2001) argues that the shift away from traditional, patriarchal households toward modern, egalitarian households is correlated with a shift in parental child-rearing towards attitudes which emphasize autonomy, self-reliance and independence. Moreover, Hagan et al. (1987) theorize that modern, egalitarian households are more likely to redistribute their control efforts so that daughters and sons are subject to equal parental control, and consequently, little gender difference in delinquency.

In this qualitative study, I conducted in-depth interviews with 25 adolescents from patriarchal and non-patriarchal households. In contrast to the perceptions of adolescents in patriarchal households, I found that fathers in modern, egalitarian households were more likely to share in the day-to-day caretaking and supervision of their adolescent children. But despite this difference, the adolescents in non-patriarchal households still perceived their mother to be the primary caretaker. Thus, I argue that this finding suggests a cultural lag. Furthermore, confirming Singer's (2001) expectation, I also found that parents in non-patriarchal households were less likely to initiate efforts to actively track adolescents' whereabouts and activities. However, I also found that low levels of parental supervision, especially in the case of single-parent households, were related to structural factors, in addition to the relative position of parents' position in the workplace.

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