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From Climate Refugees to Climate-induced Displacement: A Transnational Actor Network in Redefining Bangladeshi Climate Victims

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Abstract:

This paper aims to examine why political-economic actors keep changing their interpretation of certain climate change data in defining climate victims of Bangladesh. The political-economic actors refer to state actors, non-state actors, international institutions and donor agencies. Based on my field research in Bangladesh, which comprises of elite interviews and content analysis of particular literature, this thesis argues that the actors have replaced the concept climate refugees with that of climate-induced displacement in defining climate victims of Bangladesh because this helps the actors develop a transnational network by which they can secure their economic interests through the followings.

(i) the actors are exempted from giving compensation to the climate victims by arguing that the climate affected people should be self-responsible for being resilient or adaptive in facing climate-induced calamities,
(ii) the actors justify that their prescribed adaptation/resilience projects are the best solution to the problems of climate victims, and
(iii) the actors can secure the contracts of big-budgeted ‘climate change adaptation/resilience projects’ .

The transnational network refers to a cross-border network of the state actors, non-state actors, international institutions and donors. The network does not derive their power and authority from only the ‘state actors’ but from the interaction of all these political-economic actors. This thesis also evaluates the adaptation/resilience projects and concludes that the projects do not address the issues of climate refugees or climate-induced displaced. Therefore, the relevance of the projects as a solution to the problem of climate victims is far from clear.
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Association:
Name: Northeastern Political Science Association
URL:
http://www.northeasternpsa.org


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1299027_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Tabassum, Nowrin. "From Climate Refugees to Climate-induced Displacement: A Transnational Actor Network in Redefining Bangladeshi Climate Victims" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Northeastern Political Science Association, Loews Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, Nov 09, 2017 <Not Available>. 2018-06-18 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1299027_index.html>

APA Citation:

Tabassum, N. , 2017-11-09 "From Climate Refugees to Climate-induced Displacement: A Transnational Actor Network in Redefining Bangladeshi Climate Victims" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Northeastern Political Science Association, Loews Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA <Not Available>. 2018-06-18 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1299027_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper aims to examine why political-economic actors keep changing their interpretation of certain climate change data in defining climate victims of Bangladesh. The political-economic actors refer to state actors, non-state actors, international institutions and donor agencies. Based on my field research in Bangladesh, which comprises of elite interviews and content analysis of particular literature, this thesis argues that the actors have replaced the concept climate refugees with that of climate-induced displacement in defining climate victims of Bangladesh because this helps the actors develop a transnational network by which they can secure their economic interests through the followings.

(i) the actors are exempted from giving compensation to the climate victims by arguing that the climate affected people should be self-responsible for being resilient or adaptive in facing climate-induced calamities,
(ii) the actors justify that their prescribed adaptation/resilience projects are the best solution to the problems of climate victims, and
(iii) the actors can secure the contracts of big-budgeted ‘climate change adaptation/resilience projects’ .

The transnational network refers to a cross-border network of the state actors, non-state actors, international institutions and donors. The network does not derive their power and authority from only the ‘state actors’ but from the interaction of all these political-economic actors. This thesis also evaluates the adaptation/resilience projects and concludes that the projects do not address the issues of climate refugees or climate-induced displaced. Therefore, the relevance of the projects as a solution to the problem of climate victims is far from clear.


 
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