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When the mobile meets the mobile: The normative framework of (mobile) time: Chrono-normativity, power-chronography and mobilities

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Abstract:

This conceptual presentation will reflect on the question of time as it plays out differently in different social contexts of mobility. It thereby brings the mobile (person) closer together with the mobile (technology), while also regarding the mobile (content), asking whether time is mobile, too. To address this question, I will first introduce two existing concepts that problematize power and norms implied in and enacted through time and temporalities. In a second step, I will ‘mix’ mobilities into this already complex theoretical matrix, while a third and final part will serve to add empirical material from an ongoing study on mobile media and time to this mixture. The aim is to understand, both theoretically and empirically, what the possible implications of such mixtures might look like.

The first of the two concepts used is Freeman’s “chrono-normativity”, i.e. “the use of time to organize individual human bodies toward maximum productivity” (Freeman, 2011:3). Freeman herself re-examines in her much-discussed book ‘Time Binds’ cultural histories with a queer lens of re-appropriation. This re-reading of normativity in relation to time will be subsequently re-appropriated. The second concept is Sharma’s notion of power-chronography, an extension of Massey’s “power-geometry,” which underlines the relational nature of time. Sharma focuses on the question of work and time and asks “how different time sensibilities are produced“ (Sharma, 2014: 15). Both concepts use ideas such as the pressure of productivity, but focus empirically on rather different examples. While they both address the dependencies that dominate and the ways they play out different in different contexts, times, etc., Freeman is concerned with resistance, while Sharma shows the intricate net of dependencies.

My own use of these terms is a recontextualisation to double the normative power framework of time and temporalities. The challenge is to further relate this to mobilities and mobile media, especially in terms of the question of socialities. This mixture will be used to critically re-read our research outcomes from an ongoing project on mobile media and time. The time-and-media-biographical interviews will be analysed in terms of the newly developed framework of mobile socialities.
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Association:
Name: ICA's 68th Annual Conference
URL:
http://www.icahdq.org


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1360110_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Hartmann, Maren. "When the mobile meets the mobile: The normative framework of (mobile) time: Chrono-normativity, power-chronography and mobilities" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ICA's 68th Annual Conference, Hilton Prague, Prague, Czech Republic, <Not Available>. 2018-10-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1360110_index.html>

APA Citation:

Hartmann, M. "When the mobile meets the mobile: The normative framework of (mobile) time: Chrono-normativity, power-chronography and mobilities" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ICA's 68th Annual Conference, Hilton Prague, Prague, Czech Republic <Not Available>. 2018-10-15 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1360110_index.html

Publication Type: Session Paper
Abstract: This conceptual presentation will reflect on the question of time as it plays out differently in different social contexts of mobility. It thereby brings the mobile (person) closer together with the mobile (technology), while also regarding the mobile (content), asking whether time is mobile, too. To address this question, I will first introduce two existing concepts that problematize power and norms implied in and enacted through time and temporalities. In a second step, I will ‘mix’ mobilities into this already complex theoretical matrix, while a third and final part will serve to add empirical material from an ongoing study on mobile media and time to this mixture. The aim is to understand, both theoretically and empirically, what the possible implications of such mixtures might look like.

The first of the two concepts used is Freeman’s “chrono-normativity”, i.e. “the use of time to organize individual human bodies toward maximum productivity” (Freeman, 2011:3). Freeman herself re-examines in her much-discussed book ‘Time Binds’ cultural histories with a queer lens of re-appropriation. This re-reading of normativity in relation to time will be subsequently re-appropriated. The second concept is Sharma’s notion of power-chronography, an extension of Massey’s “power-geometry,” which underlines the relational nature of time. Sharma focuses on the question of work and time and asks “how different time sensibilities are produced“ (Sharma, 2014: 15). Both concepts use ideas such as the pressure of productivity, but focus empirically on rather different examples. While they both address the dependencies that dominate and the ways they play out different in different contexts, times, etc., Freeman is concerned with resistance, while Sharma shows the intricate net of dependencies.

My own use of these terms is a recontextualisation to double the normative power framework of time and temporalities. The challenge is to further relate this to mobilities and mobile media, especially in terms of the question of socialities. This mixture will be used to critically re-read our research outcomes from an ongoing project on mobile media and time. The time-and-media-biographical interviews will be analysed in terms of the newly developed framework of mobile socialities.


 
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