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Addressing Civic Violence in New Democracies: A Comparative Analysis of Efforts to Establish Citizen Security through Police Reform in Argentina, Brazil, and Honduras

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Abstract:

This paper examines community policing, the most promising reform being enacted in Latin America to address the region’s crisis of record rates of violent crime. We hypothesize that the ability of community policing to make security forces more effective and less abusive can be measured by changes in three independent variables: political commitment; police cooperation, and structured community engagement. To test whether this causal model will hold true in different settings, we examine three case studies – Honduras, Bolivia, Argentina, and Brazil – which all have enacted community policing but with contrasting political conditions, criminal policies, and levels of socio-economic development. In each case study, we test the model through surveys, interviews, focus groups, published statements, government records, and crime data.

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polic (255), communiti (148), program (93), resid (78), reform (61), crime (53), polit (53), work (44), citizen (44), support (43), secur (40), state (38), violenc (38), govern (37), offic (36), effort (35), one (35), success (35), social (35), commit (34), interview (33),

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Police, Justice, Violence
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Name: American Political Science Association
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MLA Citation:

Arias, Enrique. "Addressing Civic Violence in New Democracies: A Comparative Analysis of Efforts to Establish Citizen Security through Police Reform in Argentina, Brazil, and Honduras" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Marriott, Loews Philadelphia, and the Pennsylvania Convention Center, Philadelphia, PA, Aug 31, 2006 <Not Available>. 2013-12-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p151193_index.html>

APA Citation:

Arias, E. D. , 2006-08-31 "Addressing Civic Violence in New Democracies: A Comparative Analysis of Efforts to Establish Citizen Security through Police Reform in Argentina, Brazil, and Honduras" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Marriott, Loews Philadelphia, and the Pennsylvania Convention Center, Philadelphia, PA Online <PDF>. 2013-12-16 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p151193_index.html

Publication Type: Proceeding
Abstract: This paper examines community policing, the most promising reform being enacted in Latin America to address the region’s crisis of record rates of violent crime. We hypothesize that the ability of community policing to make security forces more effective and less abusive can be measured by changes in three independent variables: political commitment; police cooperation, and structured community engagement. To test whether this causal model will hold true in different settings, we examine three case studies – Honduras, Bolivia, Argentina, and Brazil – which all have enacted community policing but with contrasting political conditions, criminal policies, and levels of socio-economic development. In each case study, we test the model through surveys, interviews, focus groups, published statements, government records, and crime data.

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Associated Document Available American Political Science Association

Document Type: PDF
Page count: 33
Word count: 12190
Text sample:
Addressing Civic Violence in New Democracies: A Comparative Analysis of Efforts to Establish Citizen Security through Police Reform in Argentina Brazil and Honduras Mark Ungar and Enrique Desmond Arias City University of New York Prepared for delivery at the 2006 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association August 31 - September 4 2006. Copyright by the American Political Science Association. Over the past two decades violent crime has reached record levels throughout the developing world. In Latin America
Violence a growing problem for public health Washington DC: Pan American Health Organization September 12 2002. Pereira Anthony “An Ugly Democracy: State Violence and the Rule of Law in Postauthoritarian Brazil.” In Democratic Brazil: Actors Institutions and Processes Kingston Peter and Timothy Power eds. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press 2000: 217-235. International Police Executive Symposium (IPES) Police and the Community: Report of the Tenth Annual Meeting IPES 2003. Ungar Mark Elusive Reform: Democracy and the Rule of Law in


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