Citation

Changing the electoral system: what about systemic and strategic effects? A focus on the new French European electoral system and its outcomes ? by Annie Laurent and Bernard Dolez

Abstract | Word Stems | Keywords | Association | Citation | Get this Document | Similar Titles




STOP!

You can now view the document associated with this citation by clicking on the "View Document as HTML" link below.

View Document as HTML:
Click here to view the document

Abstract:

For a long time, electoral reforms in established democracies were rare, except in France. Since the early 1990s, however, they have been more frequent. Most of the time, these reforms were radical, making it difficult to analyze the effects of some main components of the electoral system, such as electoral formula, ballot structure, district magnitude, size of legislature and number of candidates/ parties.

From this angle, the 2004 French European electoral reform constitutes an exception since it changed only one main component by removing the single nationwide constituency and dividing the country into eight multi-seats constituencies, whereas the other main electoral elements still were identical. It is a perfect ‘before-and-after’ case-study, monitoring the impact of an electoral reform over successive elections within a particular country.

This paper points out mechanical effects of a decrease in the average district magnitude on the representation. At the national level, this change led to an increase in the nationwide deviation from proportionality, to a decrease in the effective number of parliamentary parties and to a rise of the break-even point. At the local level, that of the constituency, variations in district magnitude impacted the seats votes equation and the exclusion threshold. In 2004, larger parties have been advantaged by the electoral reform. So, the district magnitude is really the decisive factor. French electoral reform has undoubtedly exerted some mechanical effects but also psychological ones: at the local level, the effective number of electoral parties decreased as the district magnitude decreased. In other words, variations in district magnitude influenced the voters and modified their vote. This reminds us that there is a strategic vote in PR, like in first-past-the-post, even if the former situation is still less studied.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

vote (99), parti (99), seat (90), elector (85), system (64), 2004 (62), magnitud (62), constitu (61), district (58), 0 (54), 5 (51), 1 (47), 1999 (45), 6 (45), number (45), elect (43), 3 (43), list (37), effect (36), 2 (35), polit (34),

Author's Keywords:

elections, elections France, elections laws, electoral systems, proportional representation, electoral reforms, strategic voting
Convention
All Academic Convention is the premier solution for your association's abstract management solutions needs.
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

Association:
Name: American Political Science Association
URL:
http://www.apsanet.org


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p152261_index.html
Direct Link:
HTML Code:

MLA Citation:

Laurent, Annie. and DOLEZ, Bernard. "Changing the electoral system: what about systemic and strategic effects? A focus on the new French European electoral system and its outcomes ? by Annie Laurent and Bernard Dolez" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Marriott, Loews Philadelphia, and the Pennsylvania Convention Center, Philadelphia, PA, Aug 31, 2006 <Not Available>. 2013-12-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p152261_index.html>

APA Citation:

Laurent, A. and DOLEZ, B. , 2006-08-31 "Changing the electoral system: what about systemic and strategic effects? A focus on the new French European electoral system and its outcomes ? by Annie Laurent and Bernard Dolez" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Marriott, Loews Philadelphia, and the Pennsylvania Convention Center, Philadelphia, PA Online <PDF>. 2013-12-16 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p152261_index.html

Publication Type: Proceeding
Abstract: For a long time, electoral reforms in established democracies were rare, except in France. Since the early 1990s, however, they have been more frequent. Most of the time, these reforms were radical, making it difficult to analyze the effects of some main components of the electoral system, such as electoral formula, ballot structure, district magnitude, size of legislature and number of candidates/ parties.

From this angle, the 2004 French European electoral reform constitutes an exception since it changed only one main component by removing the single nationwide constituency and dividing the country into eight multi-seats constituencies, whereas the other main electoral elements still were identical. It is a perfect ‘before-and-after’ case-study, monitoring the impact of an electoral reform over successive elections within a particular country.

This paper points out mechanical effects of a decrease in the average district magnitude on the representation. At the national level, this change led to an increase in the nationwide deviation from proportionality, to a decrease in the effective number of parliamentary parties and to a rise of the break-even point. At the local level, that of the constituency, variations in district magnitude impacted the seats votes equation and the exclusion threshold. In 2004, larger parties have been advantaged by the electoral reform. So, the district magnitude is really the decisive factor. French electoral reform has undoubtedly exerted some mechanical effects but also psychological ones: at the local level, the effective number of electoral parties decreased as the district magnitude decreased. In other words, variations in district magnitude influenced the voters and modified their vote. This reminds us that there is a strategic vote in PR, like in first-past-the-post, even if the former situation is still less studied.

Get this Document:

Find this citation or document at one or all of these locations below. The links below may have the citation or the entire document for free or you may purchase access to the document. Clicking on these links will change the site you're on and empty your shopping cart.

Associated Document Available Political Research Online
Abstract Only All Academic Inc.
Associated Document Available American Political Science Association

Document Type: PDF
Page count: 21
Word count: 7304
Text sample:
Changing the Electoral System: What about Systemic and Strategic Effects? A Focus on the 2004 New French European Electoral System and its Outcomes Bernard Dolez Annie Laurent Professeur à l’Université de Nantes (France) Directrice de recherches au CNRS-CERAPS (France) bdolez@aol.com annie.laurent@univ-lille2.fr Draft version Comments are welcome Prepared for delivery at the 2006 APSA Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association August 30th-September 3 2006. Copyright by the American Political Science Association. Panel 34-9 Reforming Electoral System Abstract 1
7 Effective number of parties based on votes 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 District magnitude 21


Similar Titles:
Party Voting in the US Federal System: Does the National Political Context Matter for State Level Elections?

Electoral Systems and Candidate Recognition: The Effect of District Magnitude and List Type


 
All Academic, Inc. is your premier source for research and conference management. Visit our website, www.allacademic.com, to see how we can help you today.