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The First Time is the Hardest? A Cross-National and Cross-Issue Comparison of First-Time Protest Participants Based on Protest Surveys in Eight Countries.

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Abstract:

The study aims to extend the existing knowledge about the specific dynamics of first-time participation in protest events. Although we start to know quite a lot about political (protest) activism, we hardly have a cue who, why and how people participate in protest for their first time. To tackle that puzzle we rely on extensive and innovative protest survey evidence covering 21 separate demonstrations in eight countries across ten different issues. On the aggregate-level, we can predict quite well which demonstrations will attract many first-time participants. Tests clearly establish that demonstrations staged at the beginning of a protest cycle, large demonstrations, demonstrations of the old or of the new emotional movements, demonstrations populated by older people and people not belonging to organizations are on average attended by a larger share of first-time participants than other protest events. On the individual level, first-timers appear to be only marginally different from many-timers. Only age and organizational membership appear to be consistent predictors of first-timership. We find that the attitudes of the demonstrators about the protest issue and the way they relate to the other demonstrators play a modest role as well. Yet, it is only the combination and interplay of the individual- and aggregate-level determinants that produces satisfying results. Whether people protest for the first time or not depends on the supply on the protest market and on their individual dispositions.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

protest (255), first (220), demonstr (186), particip (173), first-tim (116), time (114), timer (89), level (80), movement (74), social (73), peopl (70), issu (69), differ (62), event (59), 1 (58), individu (54), mobil (52), aggreg (49), variabl (47), 2 (46), new (46),

Author's Keywords:

social movements, politial participation, political behavior, protest
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Name: American Political Science Association
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MLA Citation:

Walgrave, Stefaan. and Verhulst, Joris. "The First Time is the Hardest? A Cross-National and Cross-Issue Comparison of First-Time Protest Participants Based on Protest Surveys in Eight Countries." Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Marriott, Loews Philadelphia, and the Pennsylvania Convention Center, Philadelphia, PA, Aug 31, 2006 <Not Available>. 2013-12-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p152358_index.html>

APA Citation:

Walgrave, S. and Verhulst, J. , 2006-08-31 "The First Time is the Hardest? A Cross-National and Cross-Issue Comparison of First-Time Protest Participants Based on Protest Surveys in Eight Countries." Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Marriott, Loews Philadelphia, and the Pennsylvania Convention Center, Philadelphia, PA Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2013-12-16 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p152358_index.html

Publication Type: Proceeding
Abstract: The study aims to extend the existing knowledge about the specific dynamics of first-time participation in protest events. Although we start to know quite a lot about political (protest) activism, we hardly have a cue who, why and how people participate in protest for their first time. To tackle that puzzle we rely on extensive and innovative protest survey evidence covering 21 separate demonstrations in eight countries across ten different issues. On the aggregate-level, we can predict quite well which demonstrations will attract many first-time participants. Tests clearly establish that demonstrations staged at the beginning of a protest cycle, large demonstrations, demonstrations of the old or of the new emotional movements, demonstrations populated by older people and people not belonging to organizations are on average attended by a larger share of first-time participants than other protest events. On the individual level, first-timers appear to be only marginally different from many-timers. Only age and organizational membership appear to be consistent predictors of first-timership. We find that the attitudes of the demonstrators about the protest issue and the way they relate to the other demonstrators play a modest role as well. Yet, it is only the combination and interplay of the individual- and aggregate-level determinants that produces satisfying results. Whether people protest for the first time or not depends on the supply on the protest market and on their individual dispositions.

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Associated Document Available Political Research Online
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Associated Document Available American Political Science Association

Document Type: application/pdf
Page count: 38
Word count: 13856
Text sample:
The first time is the hardest? A cross-national and cross-issue comparison of first-time protest participants Stefaan Walgrave Joris Verhulst Paper prepared for delivery at the APSA conference Philadelphia August 31 - September 3 2006 Abstract The study aims to extend the existing knowledge about the specific dynamics of first-time participation in protest events. Although we start to know quite a lot about political (protest) activism we hardly have a cue who why and how people participate in protest for
Manssens J. (2000) "The Making of the White March: the Mass Media as a Mobilizing Alternative to Movement Organisations." Mobilization 5 217-239. Walgrave S. and Rucht D. (Eds.) (2007 (forthcoming)) Protest Politics. Antiwar mobilization in advanced industrial democracies Minnesota University Press. Walgrave S. and Verhulst J. (2004) "Internal diversity of protest. A Comparative Study of anti- Iraqi-war Protest." Paper presented at the Annual American Political Science Association Convention in Chicago in August 2004. Walgrave S. and Verhulst J. (2007


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